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Potassium Solubilizing Microorganisms for Sustainable Agriculture

  • Vijay Singh Meena
  • Bihari Ram Maurya
  • Jay Prakash Verma
  • Ram Swaroop Meena

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Vijay Singh Meena, Indra Bahadur, Bihari Ram Maurya, Ashok Kumar, Rajesh Kumar Meena, Sunita Kumari Meena et al.
    Pages 1-20
  3. Durgesh Kumar Jaiswal, Jay Prakash Verma, Satya Prakash, Vijay Singh Meena, Ram Swaroop Meena
    Pages 21-29
  4. M. P. Raghavendra, S. Chandra Nayaka, B. R. Nuthan
    Pages 43-59
  5. Ashok Kumar, Jai Singh Patel, Indra Bahadur, Vijay Singh Meena
    Pages 61-75
  6. Jose Alfonso Dominguez-Nuñez, Begoña Benito, Marta Berrocal-Lobo, Ada Albanesi
    Pages 77-98
  7. Encarna Velázquez, Luis R. Silva, Martha-Helena Ramírez-Bahena, Alvaro Peix
    Pages 99-110
  8. Madhumonti Saha, Bihari Ram Maurya, Indra Bahadur, Ashok Kumar, Vijay Singh Meena
    Pages 127-136
  9. Muhammad Yasin, Iqra Munir, Muhammad Faisal
    Pages 163-170
  10. S. S. Sindhu, Priyanka Parmar, Manisha Phour, Anju Sehrawat
    Pages 171-185
  11. Brijesh Kumar Yadav, Ajaib Singh Sidhu
    Pages 187-201
  12. Manoj Shrivastava, P. C. Srivastava, S. F. D’Souza
    Pages 221-234
  13. Jyoti Rawat, Pankaj Sanwal, Jyoti Saxena
    Pages 235-253
  14. Indra Bahadur, Bihari Ram Maurya, Ashok Kumar, Vijay Singh Meena, Richa Raghuwanshi
    Pages 255-266
  15. M. L. Dotaniya, V. D. Meena, B. B. Basak, Ram Swaroop Meena
    Pages 267-280
  16. Maqshoof Ahmad, Sajid Mahmood Nadeem, Muhammad Naveed, Zahir Ahmad Zahir
    Pages 293-313
  17. Priyanku Teotia, Vivek Kumar, Manoj Kumar, Neeraj Shrivastava, Ajit Varma
    Pages 315-325
  18. Satya Prakash, Jay Prakash Verma
    Pages 327-331

About this book

Introduction

The potassium solubilizing microorganisms (KSMs) are a rhizospheric microorganism which solubilizes the insoluble potassium (K) to soluble forms of K for plant growth and yield. K-solubilization is carried out by a large number of saprophytic bacteria (Bacillus mucilaginosus, B. edaphicus, B. circulans, Acidothiobacillus ferrooxidans, Paenibacillus spp.) and fungal strains (Aspergillus spp. and Aspergillus terreus). Major amounts of K containing minerals (muscovite, orthoclase, biotite, feldspar, illite, mica) are present in the soil as a fixed form which is not directly taken up by the plant.

 

Nowadays most of the farmers use injudicious application of chemical fertilizers for achieving maximum productivity. However, the KSMs are most important microorganisms for solubilizing fixed form of K in soil system. The KSMs are an indigenous rhizospheric microorganism which show effective interaction between soil-plant systems. The main mechanism of KSMs is acidolysis, chelation, exchange reactions, complexolysis and production of organic acid. According to the literature, currently negligible use of potassium fertilizer as chemical form has been recorded in agriculture for enhancing crop yield. Most of the farmers use only nitrogen and phosphorus and not the K fertilizer due to unawareness that the problem of K deficiency occurs in rhizospheric soils. The K fertilizer is also costly as compared to other chemical fertilizers.

Keywords

Plant-Soil-Microbe Interaction Potassium solubilization Rhizosphere Microorganism Sustainable Agriculture Symbiosis

Editors and affiliations

  • Vijay Singh Meena
    • 1
  • Bihari Ram Maurya
    • 2
  • Jay Prakash Verma
    • 3
  • Ram Swaroop Meena
    • 4
  1. 1.Crop Production Division ICAR – Vivekananda Instit of Hill AgriAlmoraIndia
  2. 2.Institute of Agricultural SciencesBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  3. 3.Instit of Envir and Sustainable DevelopBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasi, Uttar PradeshIndia
  4. 4.Institute of Agricultural SciencesBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

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