© 2009

Ecotoxicology of Antifouling Biocides

  • Takaomi Arai
  • Hiroya Harino
  • Madoka Ohji
  • William John Langston
  • Written by leading researchers of environmental problems caused by antifouling biocides

  • Includes extensive information concerning the fate and the effect of antifouling biocides

  • Reflects recent advances in understanding of antifouling biocides in the environment, including behavior, toxicity, biological impacts, bioaccumulation, and regulation

  • Provides readers with great insight into the chemistry and fate of these compounds in aquatic systems


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Overview of Antifouling Biocides

  3. Behavior of Organotin Compounds and Their Effects on Aquatic Organisms

    1. Distribution of Organotin Compounds in Aquatic Environments

      1. Kurunthachalam Kannan, Shinsuke Tanabe
        Pages 39-60
      2. Takaomi Arai, Hiroya Harino
        Pages 61-74
      3. William John Langston, Hiroya Harino, Nicholas Dingle Pope
        Pages 75-94
      4. Hiroya Harino, Takaomi Arai, Madoka Ohji, Nobuyuki Miyazaki
        Pages 95-108
    2. Organotin Compounds as Endocrine Disruptors

    3. Toxicity of Organotin Compounds in Aquatic Organisms

      1. Kazuhiko Mochida, Kazunori Fujii
        Pages 148-160
      2. Yuji Oshima, Kei Nakayama, Hano Takeshi, Sang Gyoon Kim, Yohei Shimasaki, Ik Joon Kang et al.
        Pages 195-205
      3. Ayako Nakayama, Helmut Segner, Shin'ichiro Kawai
        Pages 207-218
    4. Genetic and Physiological Impacts of Organotin Compounds

      1. Tsuyoshi Nakanishi, Jun-ichi Nishikawa
        Pages 221-233
      2. Shin'ichiro Kawai, Ayako Nakayama
        Pages 235-249
    5. Bioaccumulation of Organotin Compounds in Aquatic Organisms

      1. Inneke F. M. Rumengan, Madoka Ohji
        Pages 252-270
      2. William John Langston, Nicholas Dingle Pope
        Pages 271-289
      3. Takaomi Arai
        Pages 291-305
  4. Environmental Chemistry of Alternative Biocides

    1. Analytical Methods

      1. Kevin V. Thomas, Katherine H. Langford
        Pages 311-327
    2. Monitoring of Alternative Biocides

      1. Kevin V. Thomas, Katherine H. Langford
        Pages 331-344

About this book


Organotin compounds, used as antifouling biocides since 1960, are chemical compounds that act as endocrine disrupters. It is not known how organotin compounds cause hormone disturbance, however, and many questions remain about their effect on aquatic organisms. Studies on organotin compounds have recently evolved, with many new findings reported. Following a worldwide ban on organotin compounds in 2008, alternative compounds will mainly be used, with the potential for coastal areas to become contaminated, causing, among other effects, cholinesterase inhibition in aquatic organisms. Use of alternative compounds must be controlled to avoid such errors. These and other findings are described and concisely summarized in this book, providing a useful reference in countries where alternative biocides are being considered. Included are studies on the effects on marine organisms, making this book an excellent aid to experts in environmental chemistry, to government organizations, and to students.


Toxicolog aquatic organisms biota biphenyls contamination degradation ecotoxicology environment environmental chemistry marine environment marine organisms organotin compounds plankton polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) polychlorinated biphenyls

Editors and affiliations

  • Takaomi Arai
    • 1
  • Hiroya Harino
    • 2
  • Madoka Ohji
    • 3
  • William John Langston
    • 4
  1. 1.International Coastal Research Center, Ocean Research InstituteThe University of TokyoOtsuchiJapan
  2. 2.Osaka City Institute of Public Health and Environmental SciencesTennojiJapan
  3. 3.Institute of Symbiotic Science and TechnologyTokyo University of Agriculture and TechnologyFuchuJapan
  4. 4.Marine Biological AssociationPlymouthUK

Bibliographic information


From the reviews: “This timely, clearly written, and useful book addresses an important topic at the interface between commerce and environmental science. … All chapters are extensively illustrated and well referenced. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates, graduate students, researchers/faculty, and professionals/practitioners.” (N. W. Hinman, Choice, Vol. 47 (3), November, 2009)