Dispersing Primate Females

Life History and Social Strategies in Male-Philopatric Species

  • Takeshi Furuichi
  • Juichi Yamagiwa
  • Filippo Aureli

Part of the Primatology Monographs book series (PrimMono)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Dispersing Ateline Females

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Pablo R. Stevenson, Diego A. Zárate, Mónica A. Ramírez, Francisco Henao-Díaz
      Pages 45-71
  3. Dispersing Hominine Females

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 73-73
    2. Andrew M. Robbins, Martha M. Robbins
      Pages 75-104
    3. Tetsuya Sakamaki, Isabel Behncke, Marion Laporte, Mbangi Mulavwa, Heungjin Ryu, Hiroyuki Takemoto et al.
      Pages 127-164
  4. Evolution of Female Dispersal

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 213-213
    2. Phyllis C. Lee, Karen B. Strier
      Pages 215-230
    3. Ikki Matsuda, Keiichi Fukaya, Cristian Pasquaretta, Cédric Sueur
      Pages 231-254
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 287-299

About this book


Why do females in male-philopatric species seem to show larger variation in their life history strategies than males in female-philopatric species? Why did females in human societies come to show enormous variation in the patterns of marriage, residence, and mating activities?

To tackle these important questions, this book presents the latest knowledge about the dispersing females in male-philopatric non-human primates and in human societies. The non-human primates that are covered include muriquis, spider monkeys, woolly monkeys, gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos, and some species of colobine monkeys. In these non-human primate species females typically leave their natal group before sexual maturation and start reproduction in other groups into which they immigrate. However, there is a large variation as some females may breed in their natal group with some risks of inbreeding with their male relatives, and some females may associate with males of multiple groups at the same time after leaving their natal group. Such variation seems to provide better strategies for reproduction depending on local circumstances. Although knowledge about female dispersal patterns and life history is indispensable for understanding the dynamic structure of primate societies, it is still not known how females behave after leaving their natal groups, how many groups they visit before finally settling down, and which kinds of groups they choose to immigrate into, due to the large variation and flexibility and the difficulty of tracking females after natal dispersal.

To encourage further progress in this important field, this volume provides new insights on evolution of female dispersal by describing factors influencing variations in the dispersal pattern across primates and a hypothesis for the formation of human families from the perspectives of female life history. This book is recommended reading for researchers and students in primatology, anthropology, animal behavior, and evolution, and for anyone interested in primate societies and human evolution.


Atelinae Bonobos Chimpanzees Colobinae Female dispersal Gorillas Hominidae Human family Male philopatry Muriquis Natal dispersal Primate society Reproductive strategy Spider monkeys Woolly monkeys

Editors and affiliations

  • Takeshi Furuichi
    • 1
  • Juichi Yamagiwa
    • 2
  • Filippo Aureli
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Ecology and Social Behavior, Primate Research InstituteKyoto UniversityInuyamaJapan
  2. 2.Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  3. 3.Instituto de NeuroetologíaUniversidad VeracruzanaXalapaMexico

Bibliographic information