© 2016

Knowledge Synthesis

Western and Eastern Cultural Perspectives

  • Yoshiteru¬†Nakamori

Part of the Translational Systems Sciences book series (TSS, volume 5)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Janusz Granat, Andrzej P. Wierzbicki
    Pages 15-26
  3. Zhongtuo Wang, Jiangning Wu
    Pages 107-149
  4. Yoshiteru Nakamori
    Pages 171-186
  5. Yoshiteru Nakamori
    Pages 187-206
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 207-210

About this book


This book provides readers the idea of systemically synthesizing various kind of knowledge, which needs to combine analytical thinking and synthetic thinking. Systems science is expected to help in solving contemporary complex problems, utilizing interdisciplinary knowledge effectively and combining analytical thinking and synthetic thinking efficiently. However, traditional systems science has been divided into two schools: one seeks a systematic procedure to give a correct objective answer; the other develops an emergent, systemic process so that the user can continue exploratory learning. It is not an exaggeration to say that analytical thinking and synthetic thinking have been developed independently, in different schools. This book integrates approaches developed in these two schools, using ideas in knowledge science that have been emerging recently under the influence of Eastern thinking. It emphasizes the importance of utilizing intuition in systems approaches, whereas other books usually try to solve problems rationally and objectively, rejecting subjectivity. This book never denies rationality and objectivity; however, complex problems of today do not always yield to complete analysis. The novelty of this present volume is that it takes in the ideas of synthetic thinking in knowledge science to develop systems science further. The chapter contributors, who are experienced systems scientists with a profound understanding of knowledge management, discuss knowledge synthesis from the Western and Eastern cultural perspectives. The book introduces a theory on systemic knowledge synthesis in an odd chapter and then presents an application of the theory in the next chapter in order to contribute to developing translational systems science.


Knowledge management Knowledge synthesis Knowledge systems Meta-synthesis Systemic thinking

Editors and affiliations

  • Yoshiteru¬†Nakamori
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Knowledge ScienceJapan Advanced Institute of Science and TechnologyNomiJapan

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Knowledge Synthesis
  • Book Subtitle Western and Eastern Cultural Perspectives
  • Editors Yoshiteru Nakamori
  • Series Title Translational Systems Sciences
  • Series Abbreviated Title Translational Systems Sciences
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Japan 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Tokyo
  • eBook Packages Economics and Finance Economics and Finance (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-4-431-55217-8
  • Softcover ISBN 978-4-431-56646-5
  • eBook ISBN 978-4-431-55218-5
  • Series ISSN 2197-8832
  • Series E-ISSN 2197-8840
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages IX, 210
  • Number of Illustrations 72 b/w illustrations, 1 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Social Policy
    Knowledge - Discourse
    Sociological Theory
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