© 2014

The Agglomeration of the Animation Industry in East Asia


  • Is an empirical study based on traditional Japanese economic geographical methods

  • Focuses on work styles of creative workers in three East Asian metropolises

  • Reveals the cross-border transaction structure among creative agents in these cities


Part of the International Perspectives in Geography book series (IPG, volume 4)

About this book


This book will be of interest to scholars and students of Asian studies, cultural industries, economic geography, and related areas of study. It discusses the results of a microscopic survey focusing on topics such as how animation studios form business relationships and how workers gain skills in the industry. The methodology was based on traditional Japanese economic geographical methods. The study also examines macroscopic issues such as why industrial agglomerations are formed in metropolises, why metropolises develop mutual networks, and how a type of cultural product is created in the metropolises. The methodology uses case studies of the animation industries in Japan, South Korea, and China. The detailed analysis covers the process of the industry’s agglomeration within the East Asian metropolises of Tokyo, Seoul, and Shanghai as well as the division of labor among them. In addition, the transaction relationships among animation studios are examined, together with the promotion of the industry in the peripheral region of Okinawa, Japan. Differences in work styles and output among these cities are also examined. The research presented in this book contributes to understanding the spatial structure and reality of creativity in  an innovative industry, particularly the East Asian content industry.


Animation Industry Creativity and Economy Division of Labor East Asia and Animation International Economy and Management Metropolises and Megacity

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Kokugakuin UniversityTokyoJapan

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