© 2014

Designing Low Carbon Societies in Landscapes

  • Nobukazu Nakagoshi
  • Jhonamie A. Mabuhay
  • Shows readers how protecting landscapes is essential to maintaining a low carbon society

  • Introduces feasible research outcomes for landscape planners working in nature protection areas

  • Indicates the direction of future ecological research on low carbon society modeling


Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Nobukazu Nakagoshi, Jhonamie A. Mabuhay
      Pages 3-11
  3. Urban Landscape Ecology

  4. Ecologies in Cultural Landscapes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 87-87
    2. Katarina Pavlickova, Anna Miklosovicova, Monika Vyskupova
      Pages 109-127
    3. Hadi Susilo Arifin, Regan Leonardus Kaswanto, Nobukazu Nakagoshi
      Pages 129-143
    4. Sun-Kee Hong, Heon-Jong Lee, Bong-Ryong Kang, Jae-Eun Kim, Kyoung-Ah Lee, Kyoung-Wan Kim et al.
      Pages 145-162
    5. Eurídice Leyequién, José Luis Hernández-Stefanoni, Waldemar Santamaría-Rivero, Juan Manuel Dupuy-Rada, Juan Bautista Chable-Santos
      Pages 177-202
  5. Ecologies in Protected Areas

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 203-203
    2. Mohd Hasmadi Ismail, Che Ku Akmar Che Ku Othman, Ismail Adnan Abd Malek, Saiful Arif Abdullah
      Pages 223-238

About this book


This book focuses on three major means of achieving a low carbon society: conservation of the ecosystem complex, changes of arrangement of landscapes, and creation of biodiversity. There are specific countermeasures to be taken for carbon absorption in the three types of landscapes—urban, cultural, and natural—because their carbon balances differ. Urban landscapes are promising sites because they have the potential for greening and the creation of biodiversity. Cultural landscapes in the tropics had not been actively researched until recently, but this book now presents a collection of several cases focused on those areas. Natural landscapes had existed in abundance in developing countries; later, nature protection areas were designated to coexist with development. Now, however, developmental pressure has penetrated into those nature protection areas, and landscape ecological projects are urgently required to preserve them.

As a result of global warming, abnormal weather phenomena including super typhoons have occurred frequently in recent years. The major underlying cause is the higher concentration of greenhouse gases released by human activities. As well, major natural absorbers of CO2 such as forests, wetlands, and coral reefs are shrinking, and the human impact is causing the ecological balance to deteriorate. Controlling CO2 emissions and expanding the CO2 absorbers are keys to reducing total CO2. Low carbon societies can be established by maintaining the original CO2 balance through integration of multiple tools, with contributions from diverse fields such as physics and chemistry, physiology and humanities, and education. On the basis of an international consensus, the environment must be protected no matter what sacrifices are required. As this book demonstrates, achieving a low carbon society is a top priority, and landscape conservation is the first step in ecological research toward that goal.


Biodiversity Ecological Networks Landscape Ecology Sustainable Energy Urban Environment

Editors and affiliations

  • Nobukazu Nakagoshi
    • 1
  • Jhonamie A. Mabuhay
    • 2
  1. 1.Hiroshima UniversityHigashi-HiroshimaJapan
  2. 2.Mindanao State UniversityMarawiPhilippines

Bibliographic information


From the book reviews:

“The book is suitable for researchers, policy makers and town planners. … the book is interesting as it ‘contains several research cases on tropical regions that had not been actively explored in the past’. Readers have the ‘option to choose their favourite chapters according to their individual interests in landscapes’.” (P. C. Abhilash, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 87, 2015)