© 2013

The Mongolian Ecosystem Network

Environmental Issues Under Climate and Social Changes

  • Norio Yamamura
  • Noboru Fujita
  • Ai Maekawa


  • Helps readers to identify and consider general grassland environmental problems

  • Presents social and ecological aspects of grassland environmental problems

  • Explains various methods for approaching problems, such as field work and statistical analyses


Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Ecosystem Network and Mongolian Nomadism

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Noboru Fujita, Narantsetsegiin Amartuvshin
      Pages 23-29
  3. Natural Environment and the Ecosystem Network

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 31-31
    2. Takashi Satoh, Michiaki Sugita, Tsutomu Yamanaka, Maki Tsujimura, Reiichiro Ishii
      Pages 43-63
    3. Kenji Tamura, Maki Asano, Undarmaa Jamsran
      Pages 99-103
    4. Muneto Hirobe, Junji Kondo
      Pages 105-114
    5. Noboru Fujita, Narantsetsegiin Amartuvshin, Erdenegerel Ariunbold
      Pages 131-143
    6. Urianhai Galzuud Nachinshonhor
      Pages 145-156
    7. Noboru Fujita, Narantsetsegiin Amartuvshin, Erdenegerel Ariunbold
      Pages 157-184
  4. Socioeconomic Activity and the Ecosystem Network

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 185-185
    2. Norio Yamamura, Yutaka Kobayashi, Reiichiro Ishii, Yasuhisa Saito
      Pages 205-214

About this book


The aim of this book is to describe what is currently occurring in the Mongolian grasslands, to analyze how various factors creating environmental problems interact, and to suggest solutions for sustainable management of the grasslands. The book has three parts. Part I is an introduction, explaining the key concept of an ecosystem network and providing background information on the general features of Mongolian nomadic pastoralism as well as distribution of vegetation in Mongolian grasslands. Part II describes the effects of natural environmental factors and nomadic activities on grassland conditions. Water dynamics that maintain the grassland system are analyzed in a steppe region with shrubs and in a forest-steppe region with trees. Part III describes the effects of economic and social factors on land-use and the livelihood of herders. As nomadic people moved closer to large cities for economic advantage in the 1990s, degradation of pastures by overgrazing resulted. Finally, the impacts of global warming and globalization on the Mongolian society and ecosystem are examined. This book analyzes environmental problems in Mongolian grasslands, but the contents contribute to consideration of environmental problems and sustainable pasture use in grassland areas worldwide.


Ecosystem network Mongolian grassland Nomadic pastoralism Social-ecological system Sustainable pasture use

Editors and affiliations

  • Norio Yamamura
    • 1
  • Noboru Fujita
    • 2
  • Ai Maekawa
    • 3
  1. 1.RIHNKyotoJapan
  2. 2.RIHNKyotoJapan
  3. 3.UtrechtNetherlands

Bibliographic information