Sika Deer

Biology and Management of Native and Introduced Populations

  • Dale R. McCullough
  • Seiki Takatsuki
  • Koichi Kaji

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Basic Biology

    1. Dale R. McCullough
      Pages 1-8
    2. Yoshinari Kawamura
      Pages 11-25
    3. Takayoshi Masuko, Kousaku Souma
      Pages 61-82
    4. Kiyoshi Yamauchi, Yukiko Matsuura
      Pages 83-99
    5. Nobumasa Ohnishi, Masato Minami, Rie Nishiya, Kotoyo Yamada, Hiroyuki Nishizuka, Hiroshi Higuchi et al.
      Pages 101-110
  3. Food and Habitat Relations

    1. Takehiko Y. Ito, Mariko Shimoda, Seiki Takatsuki
      Pages 145-157
  4. Behavior: Migration and Breeding Systems

    1. Hiromasa Igota, Mayumi Sakuragi, Hiroyuki Uno
      Pages 251-272
    2. Masato Minami, Nobumasa Ohnishi, Naoko Higuchi, Ayumi Okada, Seiki Takatsuki
      Pages 319-326
    3. Toru Koizumi, Shin-ichiro Hamasaki, Mayumi Kishimoto, Mayumi Yokoyama, Masato Kobayashi, Aiko Yasutake
      Pages 327-350
  5. Population Dynamics and Management

    1. Harumi Torii, Shirow Tatsuzawa
      Pages 347-363
    2. Masato Minami, Nobumasa Ohnishi, Seiki Takatsuki
      Pages 375-384
    3. Hiroyuki Uno, Koichi Kaji, Katsumi Tamada
      Pages 405-419
    4. Koichi Kaji, Hiroshi Takahashi, Hideaki Okada, Masao Kohira, Masami Yamanaka
      Pages 421-435
    5. Sakata Hiroshi, Shin-ichiro Hamasaki, Hiromune Mitsuhashi
      Pages 437-452
    6. Shingo Miura, Kunihiko Tokida
      Pages 453-472
  6. Sika in Mainland Asia and Taiwan

    1. Vladimir V. Aramilev
      Pages 475-499
    2. Dale R. McCullough, Zhi-Gang Jiang, Chun-Wang Li
      Pages 521-539
    3. Dale R. McCullough
      Pages 541-548
    4. Dale R. McCullough
      Pages 549-560
  7. Introduced Sika Deer

    1. Ludĕk Bartoš
      Pages 573-594
    2. Graeme M. Swanson, Rory Putman
      Pages 595-614
    3. D. Bruce Banwell
      Pages 643-656
    4. Pages 667-675
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 657-666

About this book


Sika deer, the graceful spotted deer of Japanese and Chinese art, originally were native to Asia from far-east Russia to Vietnam to the islands of Japan and Taiwan. They are widely raised in captivity to supply velvet antler for traditional medicine. They also were introduced to Europe, North America, and New Zealand, where they compete or interbreed with native deer. Sika deer typically occupy lowland hardwood forests with low winter snow depths, where they thrive in sites disturbed by fire, storm, or logging. In high numbers they can severely impact vegetation though overgrazing, stripping bark from trees and damaging crop fields and forest plantations. Their numbers are high in many parts of Japan, moderate in Russia, and reduced or extinct in the wild in China, Korea, Vietnam, and Taiwan. This book explores their basic biology, behavior, and ecology, including management for sport hunting, conservation or recovery of threatened populations, and resolution of conflict with humans in native and introduced lands.


biology conservation ecology evolution evolutionary significance history management physiology production sika deer vegetation

Editors and affiliations

  • Dale R. McCullough
    • 1
  • Seiki Takatsuki
    • 2
  • Koichi Kaji
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management and Museum of Vertebrate ZoologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Laboratory of Wildlife Ecology and ConservationAzabu UniversityKanagawaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Ecoregion Science Laboratory of Wildlife ConservationTokyo University of Agriculture and TechnologyTokyoJapan

Bibliographic information