Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages 1-5
  2. Introduction

    1. Sabine B. Vogel
      Pages 6-11
  3. The First Phase — Biennials in the Age of Modernity

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 12-13
    2. Sabine B. Vogel
      Pages 14-21
    3. Sabine B. Vogel
      Pages 22-32
    4. Sabine B. Vogel
      Pages 37-42
    5. Sabine B. Vogel
      Pages 43-46
    6. Sabine B. Vogel
      Pages 47-59
  4. The Second Phase — Biennials in the Age of Globalization

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 60-61
    2. Sabine B. Vogel
      Pages 62-68
    3. Sabine B. Vogel
      Pages 69-73
    4. Sabine B. Vogel
      Pages 74-92
    5. Sabine B. Vogel
      Pages 93-102
  5. Conclusion: Potential and Limitations of Biennials

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 104-106
    2. Sabine B. Vogel
      Pages 107-115
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 117-142

About this book


Each second year, those interested in the fine arts from all over the world feel attracted to the “Biennale di Venezia”. Founded in 1895, it’s the best-known and oldest biennial followed only 50 years later by the Sao Paulo Biennial. In modern times the leading format for internationalization, the number of new foundations has once more rapidly increased in the course of globalization since the eigthies. Biennials are in fact the only exhibition format in which the impact of globalization expresses itself in terms of arts. There is, though, little published information on the biennials of Sao Paulo, Habana, Istanbul, Sidney, or New Delhi, to name but the oldest. To which tradition do biennials belong and what’s the importance of this format today? Which developments do they reflect, which ones do they initiate? Through the portraits of 22 selected biennials, the book seeks answers for these questions. Thanks to numerous illustrations and a list of the most important biennials founded, this book gives the first compact overview of this complex topic.


Architecture Art History Biennials exhibition internationalization

Authors and affiliations

  • Sabine B. Vogel
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Fine Arts and Media ArtUniversity of Applied Arts ViennaAustria

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag GmbH Wien 2010
  • Publisher Name Springer, Vienna
  • Print ISBN 978-3-7091-0250-3
  • Online ISBN 978-3-7091-0251-0
  • Series Print ISSN 1866-248X
  • Series Online ISSN 2196-4858
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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