Mixed-Species Forests

Ecology and Management

  • Hans Pretzsch
  • David I. Forrester
  • Jürgen Bauhus

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Jürgen Bauhus, David I. Forrester, Hans Pretzsch
    Pages 1-25
  3. Jürgen Bauhus, David I. Forrester, Hans Pretzsch
    Pages 27-71
  4. Hans Pretzsch, David I. Forrester
    Pages 117-209
  5. Jürgen Bauhus, David I. Forrester, Barry Gardiner, Hervé Jactel, Ramon Vallejo, Hans Pretzsch
    Pages 337-382
  6. Hans Pretzsch, Thomas Rötzer, David I. Forrester
    Pages 383-431
  7. Jürgen Bauhus, David I. Forrester, Hans Pretzsch, Adam Felton, Patrick Pyttel, Adam Benneter
    Pages 433-501
  8. Hans Pretzsch, Thomas Knoke
    Pages 503-543
  9. Thomas Knoke
    Pages 545-577
  10. Hans Pretzsch, Thomas Knoke, Carola Paul, Jürgen Bauhus, David I. Forrester
    Pages 579-606
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 607-653

About this book


This textbook offers a detailed overview of the current state of knowledge concerning the ecology and management of compositionally and structurally diverse forests. It provides answers to central questions such as:
  • What are the scientific concepts used to assess the growth, dynamics and functioning of mixed-species forests, how generalizable are they, and what kind of experiments are necessary to develop them further?
  • How do mixed-species stands compare with monocultures in relation to productivity, wood quality, and ecological stability in the face of stress and disturbances?
  • How are the effects of species mixtures  on ecosystem functioning influenced by the particular species composition, site conditions, and stand structure?
  • How does any over- or underyielding at the forest-stand level emerge from the tree and organ level, and what are the main mechanisms behind mixing effects?
  • How can our current scientific understanding of mixed-species forests be integrated into silvicultural concepts as well as practical forest management and planning?
  • Do the ecological characteristics of mixed-species stands also translate into economic differences between mixtures and monocultures?

In addition, the book addresses experimental designs and analytical approaches to study mixed-species forests and provides extensive empirical information, general concepts, models, and management approaches for mixed-species forests. As such, it offers a valuable resource for students, scientists and educators, as well as professional forest planners, managers, and consultants.


mixed stands Biodiversity Forest ecosystems Sustainability Tree growth Forest inventories Silviculture Monoculture Polyculture Mixed-species stand

Editors and affiliations

  • Hans Pretzsch
    • 1
  • David I. Forrester
    • 2
  • Jürgen Bauhus
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Forest Science and Resource Management, Chair for Forest Growth and Yield ScienceTechnical University of MunichFreisingGermany
  2. 2.Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSLBirmensdorfSwitzerland
  3. 3.Institute of Forest Sciences, Chair of SilvicultureUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany

Bibliographic information