Breakdown in Traffic Networks

Fundamentals of Transportation Science

  • Boris S. Kerner

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxix
  2. Boris S. Kerner
    Pages 473-502
  3. Boris S. Kerner
    Pages 543-551
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 553-652

About this book

Introduction

This book offers a detailed investigation of breakdowns in traffic and transportation networks. It shows empirically that transitions from free flow to so-called synchronized flow, initiated by local disturbances at network bottlenecks, display a nucleation-type behavior: while small disturbances in free flow decay, larger ones grow further and lead to breakdowns at the bottlenecks. Further, it discusses in detail the significance of this nucleation effect for traffic and transportation theories, and the consequences this has for future automatic driving, traffic control, dynamic traffic assignment, and optimization in traffic and transportation networks.
Starting from a large volume of field traffic data collected from various sources obtained solely through measurements in real world traffic, the author develops his insights, with an emphasis less on reviewing existing methodologies, models and theories, and more on providing a detailed analysis of empirical traffic data and drawing consequences regarding the minimum requirements for any traffic and transportation theories to be valid.

The book

- proves the empirical nucleation nature of traffic breakdown in networks

- discusses the origin of the failure of classical traffic and transportation theories

- shows that the three-phase theory is incommensurable with the classical traffic theories, and

- explains why current state-of-the art dynamic traffic assignments tend to provoke heavy traffic congestion,

making it a valuable reference resource for a wide audience of scientists and postgraduate students interested in the fundamental understanding of empirical traffic phenomena and related data-driven phenomenology, as well as for practitioners working in the fields of traffic and transportation engineering.

Keywords

Highway, City and Urban Vehicular Traffic Intelligent Transportation Systems Spatiotemporal Traffic Dynamics Three-Phase Traffic Flow Models Traffic Congestion and Bottlenecks Transportation Networks

Authors and affiliations

  • Boris S. Kerner
    • 1
  1. 1.Physics of Transport and TrafficUniversity Duisburg-EssenDuisburgGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-54473-0
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Engineering
  • Print ISBN 978-3-662-54471-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-662-54473-0
  • About this book
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