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© 2015

Global Emission Inventory and Atmospheric Transport of Black Carbon

Evaluation of the Associated Exposure

Book

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Rong Wang
    Pages 1-8
  3. Rong Wang
    Pages 9-27
  4. Rong Wang
    Pages 29-68
  5. Rong Wang
    Pages 151-153

About this book

Introduction

This thesis presents research focusing on the improvement of high-resolution global black carbon (BC) emission inventory and application in assessing the population exposure to ambient BC. A particular focus of the thesis is on the construction of a high-resolution (both spatial and sectorial) fuel consumption database, which is used to develop the emission inventory of black carbon. Above all, the author updates the global emission inventory of black carbon, a resource subsequently used to study the atmospheric transport of black carbon over Asia with the help of a high-resolution nested model. The thesis demonstrates that spatial bias in fuel consumption and BC emissions can be reduced by means of the sub-national disaggregation approach. Using the inventory and nested model, ambient BC concentrations can be better validated against observations. Lastly, it provides a complete uncertainty analysis of global black carbon emissions, and this uncertainty is taken into account in the atmospheric modeling, helping to better understand the role of black carbon in regional and global air pollution.

Keywords

Air Pollution Black Carbon Combustion Emission Factors Emission Inventory Exposure Model Resolution Transport Model Uncertainty Analysis

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes,College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking UniversityBeijingChina

About the authors

Study area:
The atmospheric emission and transport of greenhouse gases, aerosol species and trace elements, as well as the interactions of these atmospheric tracers with the Earth climate system.

Honors:
2014 Marie Curie International Incoming Fellowship, Europe Commission
2013 Excellent Ph.D Dissertation Award, Peking University, China
2012 Novel Research Award, College of Urban & Environ Science, Peking University, China
2012 Young Scientist Award, Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, China
2008 Young Voice Award, Better Air Quality Workshop, Bangkok

Publications:
R. Wang, S. Tao, Y. Balkanski, P. Ciais, O. Boucher, et al. Exposure to ambient black carbon derived from a unique inventory and high resolution model. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 2014, 111(7), 2459-2463.
R. Wang, S. Tao, P. Ciais, H. Z. Shen, Y. Huang, H. Chen, G. F. Shen, B. Wang, W. Li1, Y. Y. Zhang, Y. Lu, D. Zhu, Y. C. Chen, X. P. Liu, W. T. Wang, X. L. Wang, W. X. Liu, B. G. Li, and S. L. Piao. High resolution mapping of combustion processes and implications for CO2 emissions. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 2013, 13, 5189-5203.
R. Wang, S. Tao, W. Wang, J. Liu, H. Shen, G. Shen, B. Wang, X. Liu, W. Li, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, Y. Lu, H. Chen, Y. Chen, C. Wang, D. Zhu, X. Wang, B. Li, W. Liu, J. Ma. Black carbon emissions in China from 1949 to 2050. Environ. Sci. & Technol., 2012, 46, 7595-7603.
R. Wang, S. Tao, H. Shen, X. Wang, B. Li, G. Shen, B. Wang, W. Li, X. Liu, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, Y. Lu, H. Ouyang. Global emission of black carbon from motor vehicles from 1960 to 2006. Environ. Sci. & Technol., 2012, 46, 1278-1284.
R. Wang, S. Tao, B. Wang, Y. Yang, C. Lang, Y.Z. Zhang, J. Hu, J.M. Ma, H. Hung. Sources and pathways of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons transported to Alert, the Canadian High Arctic. Environ. Sci. & Technol., 2010, 44, 1017-1022.
R. Wang; H.Y. Cao, W. Li, W. Wang, W. T. Wang, L.W. Zhang, J.M. Liu, H. Ouyang, S. Tao. Spatial and seasonal variations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Haihe Plain, China. Environ. Pollut., 2011, 159, 1413-1418.
R. Wang, C. Lang, J. Cao, S. Tao, G. Zhang. A probabilistic model for transport of air pollutants based on forward trajectory calculations. Acta Sci. Circum., 2009, 29(7), 1-6.
R. Wang, Q. He, Y Wang, J Cao, S. Tao, H. Peng, Y. Liu, B. Meng. Impact of Dissolved Organic Matter on Sorption and Absorption of Fluorene and Phenanthrene to Maize Root. J. Agr. Environ. Sci., 2009, 28(1), 35-39.
R. Wang, H. Peng, S. Lu, J. Cao, B. Meng. Performance Assessment of TOC-5000A and Aurora 1030W. Environ. Monitoring in China. 2008, 4(6), 52-56.
Y. Chen, R. Wang, H. Shen, et al. Global mercury emissions from combustion in light of international fuel trading. Environ. Sci. & Technol., 2014, 48 (3), 1727-1735.
D. Zhu, S. Tao, R. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Huang, G. Shen, B. Wang, W. Li, Y. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Liu, B. Li, X. Wang, W. Liu. Temporal and spatial trends of residential energy consumption and air pollutant emissions in China, 2013, App. Energ., 106, 17-24.
H. Shen, Y. Huang, R. Wang, D. Zhu, W. Li, G. Shen, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, Y. Chen, Y. Lu, H. Chen, T. Li, K. Sun, B. Li, W. Liu, J. Liu, S. Tao. Global Atmospheric Emissions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from 1960 to 2008 and future predictions. Environ. Sci. & Technol., 2013, 47, 6415-6424.
H. Shen, S. Tao, R. Wang, B. Wang, G. Shen, W. Li, S. Su, Y. Huang, X.L. Wang, W.X. Liu, B.G. Li, K. Sun. Global time trends in PAH emissions from motor vehicles. Atmos. Environ., 2011, 45, 2067-2073.
S. Luyssaert, G. Abril, R. Andres, D. Bastviken, V. Bellassen, P. Bergamaschi, P. Bousquet, F. Chevallier, P. Ciais, M. Corazza, R. Dechow, K.-H. Erb, G. Etiope, A. Fortems-Cheiney, G. Grassi, J. Hartmann, M. Jung, J. Lathière, A. Lohila, E. Mayorga, N. Moosdorf, D. S. Njakou, J. Otto, D. Papale, W. Peters, P. Peylin, P. Raymond, C. Rödenbeck, S. Saarnio, E.-D. Schulze, S. Szopa, R. Thompson, P. J. Verkerk, N. Vuichard, R. Wang, M. Wattenbach, and S. Zaehle. The European land and inland water CO2, CO, CH4 and N2O balance between 2001 and 2005. Biogeosciences, 2012, 9, 3357-3380,
Q.B. Li, X.Y. Wang, R. Wang. H.Q. Sui, W. Li, L. Li. Seasonal trends and potential sources of ambient air OCPs in urban and suburban areas in Dalian, China. J. Environ. Monitoring, 2011, 13, 1816-1822.
G. Shen, S. Wei, W. Wei, Y. Zhang, Y. Min, B. Wang, R. Wang, W. Li, H. Shen, Y. Huang, Y. Yang, W. Wang, X. X. Wang, X. Wang, S. Tao. Emission Factors, Size Distributions, and emission inventories of carbonaceous particulate matter from residential wood combustion in Rural China. Environ. Sci. & Technol., 2012, 46, 4207-4214.
J. Ding, J. Zhong, Y. Yang, B. Li, G. Shen, Y. Sub, C. Wang, W. Li, H. Shen, B. Wang, R. Wang, Y.Huang, Y.Zhang,
H. Cao, Y.Zhu, S. L.M. Simonich, S. Tao. Occurrence and exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and their derivatives in a rural Chinese home through biomass fuelled cooking. Environ. Pollut., 2012, 169, 160-166.
B. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Cong, R. Wang, Tao S. Introduction to the methods of parameter estimation for environment monitoring data set with truncated data below a detection limit. Acta Sci. Circum., 2009, 29(6), 1-6.
G. Shen, S. Tao, S. Wei, Y. Zhang, R. Wang, B. Wang, W. Li, H. Shen, Y. Huang, Y. Chen, H. Chen, Y. Yang, W. Wang, W. Wei, X. Wang, W. Liu, X. Wang, S. L. M. Simonich. Reductions in emissions of carbonaceous particulate matter and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from combustion of biomass pellets in comparison with raw fuel burning. Environ. Sci. & Technol., 2012, 46, 6409-6416.
G. Shen, S. Tao, S. Wei, Y. Zhang, R. Wang, B. Wang, W. Li, H. Shen, Y. Huang, Y. Yang, W. Wang, X. Wang, S. L. M. Simonich. Retene emission from residential solid fuels in China and evaluation of Retene as a unique marker for soft wood combustion. Environ. Sci. & Technol., 2012, 46, 4666-4672.
G. Shen, S. Tao, S. Wei, Y. Zhang, R. Wang, B. Wang, W. Li, H. Shen, Y. Huang, Y. Chen, H. Chen, Y. Yang, W. Wang, X. Wang, W. Liu, S. L. M. Simonich. Emissions of parent, nitro, and oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from residential wood combustion in rural China. Environ. Sci. & Technol., 2012, 46 (15), 8123-8130. B. Wang, M. Xue, Y. Lu, Y. Yang, J. Zhong, Y. Su, R. Wang, G. Shen, X. Wang, S. Tao. Cell absorption induced desorption of hydrophobic organic contaminants from digested soil residue. Chemosphere, 2011, 83, 1461-1466.
H. Ouyang, X. Kong, W. He, N. Qin, Q. He, Y. Wang, R. Wang, F.Xu. Effects of five heavy metals at sub-lethal concentrations on the growth and photosynthesis of Chlorella vulgaris. Chin. Sci. Bull., 2012, 57, 3363-3370.
S. Tao, W. Wang, W. Liu, Q. Zuo, X. Wang, R. Wang; B. Wang, G. Shen, Y. Yang, J.S. He. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and organochlorine pesticides in surface soils from the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. J. Environ. Monitoring, 2011, 13, 175-181.

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