Shoulder Stiffness

Current Concepts and Concerns

  • Eiji Itoi
  • Guillermo Arce
  • Gregory I. Bain
  • Ronald L. Diercks
  • Dan Guttmann
  • Andreas B. Imhoff
  • Augustus D. Mazzocca
  • Hiroyuki Sugaya
  • Yon-Sik Yoo

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Classification and Epidemiology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Gregory I. Bain, Harry D. S. Clitherow
      Pages 3-19
    3. Carina Cohen, Benno Ejnisman
      Pages 21-30
  3. Etiology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 31-31
    2. Richard Angelo, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Carlos Vicente Andreoli, Benno Ejnisman
      Pages 33-44
    3. Knut Beitzel, Andreas B. Imhoff
      Pages 45-48
    4. Benjamin Barden, Jessica DiVenere, Hardeep Singh, Augustus D. Mazzocca
      Pages 49-73
    5. Kevin D. Plancher, Stephanie C. Petterson
      Pages 75-80
    6. Felix H. Savoie III, Michael J. O’Brien
      Pages 81-95
    7. Harry D. S. Clitherow, Gregory I. Bain, Augustus D. Mazzocca
      Pages 97-119
  4. Anatomy and Biomechanics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 121-121
    2. Brian B. Gilmer, Dan Guttmann
      Pages 123-129
    3. Catherine A. Logan, Petar Golijanin, Daniel J. Gross, Rachel M. Frank, Matthew T. Provencher
      Pages 137-145
  5. Examinations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 147-147
    2. Eiji Itoi, Yoshihiro Hagiwara
      Pages 149-153
    3. Ronald L. Diercks, Tom Clement Ludvigsen
      Pages 155-158
    4. Hiroyuki Sugaya
      Pages 159-167
  6. Conservative Treatment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 169-169
    2. Maria Valencia, Emilio Calvo
      Pages 171-174
    3. Francisco J. Vergara, Ronald L. Diercks
      Pages 175-185
    4. Ronald L. Diercks, Francisco J. Vergara
      Pages 187-194
    5. Francisco J. Vergara, Ronald L. Diercks
      Pages 195-201
  7. Surgical Treatment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 203-203
    2. Eiji Itoi, Hiroshi Minagawa
      Pages 205-215
    3. Guillermo Arce, Giovanni Di Giacomo, Jiwu Chen
      Pages 217-225
    4. Brian Gilmer, Robert Drenning, Marcia Ready, Maurine Morris, Dan Guttmann
      Pages 227-234
    5. Kevin D. Plancher, Stephanie C. Petterson
      Pages 235-241

About this book


This book provides an up-to-date overview of the latest evidence regarding shoulder stiffness, or frozen shoulder. All aspects are covered: epidemiology, etiology, anatomy and biomechanics, clinical symptoms, histology and laboratory tests, physical examinations, imaging studies, and the various conservative and surgical treatment options. The book is published in cooperation with ISAKOS and reflects the conclusions of the Consensus Meeting of the ISAKOS Upper Extremity Committee in Amsterdam in May 2014, which brought together global opinion leaders in the field. Frozen shoulder itself remains shrouded in mystery. There is ongoing uncertainty over its causation and continuing relative neglect due to the belief that it is a self-limited disease despite the evidence that most patients fail to achieve complete recovery, with many experiencing persistent pain and stiffness. Shoulder Stiffness: Current Concepts and Concerns provides an excellent summary of present knowledge regarding frozen shoulder and will be of value to all who manage the condition.


Adhesive capsulitis Capsular release Frozen shoulder Pericapsulitis Shoulder contracture

Editors and affiliations

  • Eiji Itoi
    • 1
  • Guillermo Arce
    • 2
  • Gregory I. Bain
    • 3
  • Ronald L. Diercks
    • 4
  • Dan Guttmann
    • 5
  • Andreas B. Imhoff
    • 6
  • Augustus D. Mazzocca
    • 7
  • Hiroyuki Sugaya
    • 8
  • Yon-Sik Yoo
    • 9
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryTohoku University School of MedicineSendaiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryInstituto Argentino de Diagnóstico y TratamientoBuenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Department of Orthopedics and TraumaUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  4. 4.Dept. of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of Groningen Sports Medicine CenterGroningenThe Netherlands
  5. 5.Taos Orthopaedic Institute Orthopaedic Sports MedicineTaosUSA
  6. 6.Orthpaedic Sports MedicineUniversity of Munich Hospital Rechts der IsarMunichGermany
  7. 7.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUConn Musculoskeletal InstituteFarmingtonUSA
  8. 8.Funabashi Orthopaedic Sports Med Cn Shoulder & Elbow ServiceChibaJapan
  9. 9.Dept. of Orthopaedic SurgeryHallym University Sacred Heart HospitalGyeonggi-DoKorea, Republic of (South Korea)

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information ISAKOS 2015
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Medicine
  • Print ISBN 978-3-662-46369-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-662-46370-3
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Health & Hospitals