© 2004

The Climate in Historical Times

Towards a Synthesis of Holocene Proxy Data and Climate Models

  • Hubertus Fischer
  • Thomas Kumke
  • Gerrit Lohmann
  • Götz Flöser
  • Heinrich Miller
  • Hans von Storch
  • Jörg F. W. Negendank

Part of the GKSS School of Environmental Research book series (GKSS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. Klaus Dethloff, Annette Rinke, Dörthe Handorf, Antje Weisheimer, Wolfgang Dorn
    Pages 13-41
  3. Thomas Felis, Jürgen Pätzold
    Pages 91-108
  4. Gerhard Helle, Gerhard H. Schleser
    Pages 129-148
  5. Sushma Prasad, Jörg F. W. Negendank
    Pages 209-227
  6. Thomas Kumke, Christian Schölzel, Andreas Hense
    Pages 229-243
  7. Thomas Kumke, Andreas Hense, Christian Schölzel, Andrei A. Andreev, Cathrin Brüchmann, Christoph Gebhardt et al.
    Pages 245-262
  8. Christoph Mayr, Peter Trimborn, Josef Lipp, Thorsten E. E. Grams, Wolfgang Graf, Hans-Dieter Payer et al.
    Pages 263-279
  9. Norel Rimbu, Gerrit Lohmann, Thomas Felis, Jürgen Pätzold
    Pages 281-292
  10. Heinz Vos, Cathrin Brüchmann, Andreas Lücke, Jörg F. W. Negendank, Gerhard H. Schleser, Bernd Zolitschka
    Pages 293-317
  11. Eva Bauer, Martin Claußen, Anja Hünerbein, Victor Brovkin
    Pages 337-350

About this book


An Introduction to the KIHZ Project The description of the climate system and the quantification of its natural variability and dynamics is essential to assess an ongoing anthropogenic cli­ mate change and to validate climate and biogeochemical models to allow for reliable projections into the future. Because the spatio-temporal coverage of direct meteorological observations is rather limited, high-resolution and ab­ solutely dated climate archives represent the only key to a quantification of seasonal to millenial climate variations in the past. Furthermore, climate mod­ els provide insights into the major processes and causes relevant for climate variability on these time scales. Both approaches represent one side of the same medal, however melting both sides down to one combined effort is often hampered by obstacles defined by the different nature of the approaches. For instance, General Circulation Models (GCMs) per se deal with spatially resolved data representing real climate variables in the model world (such as temperature or precipitation) with each model run reflecting one possible realization of climate history under given boundary conditions. In contrast, the records of natural climate archives are influenced by climate variations as they took place in reality, however, are often representative of local climate conditions only. Moreover, the climate information deduced from natural archives is in nearly all cases based on climate proxies, whose relationship to real climate variables, the so called transfer function, has to be established beforehand.


Climatology Paleoclimatology Scale Sediment climate models climate research climate variability ecosystem holocene palaeoecology paleoclimate proxy data quaternary geology

Editors and affiliations

  • Hubertus Fischer
    • 1
  • Thomas Kumke
    • 2
  • Gerrit Lohmann
    • 3
  • Götz Flöser
    • 4
  • Heinrich Miller
    • 1
  • Hans von Storch
    • 4
  • Jörg F. W. Negendank
    • 5
  1. 1.Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine ResearchBremerhavenGermany
  2. 2.Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine ResearchPotsdamGermany
  3. 3.Geoscience DepartmentUniversity of BremenBremenGermany
  4. 4.GKSS Research CentreGeesthachtGermany
  5. 5.GeoForschungsZentrum PotsdamPotsdamGermany

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title The Climate in Historical Times
  • Book Subtitle Towards a Synthesis of Holocene Proxy Data and Climate Models
  • Editors Hubertus Fischer
    Thomas Kumke
    Gerrit Lohmann
    Heinrich Miller
    Jorg Negendank
  • Series Title GKSS School of Environmental Research
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-540-20601-9
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-642-05826-4
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-662-10313-5
  • Series ISSN 2191-3463
  • Series E-ISSN 2191-3471
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XXI, 487
  • Number of Illustrations 147 b/w illustrations, 10 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Atmospheric Sciences
    Monitoring/Environmental Analysis
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Oil, Gas & Geosciences


From the reviews:

"This book presents peer-viewed results from a final workshop in 2001 … . The book … is a very valuable contribution. … This book is recommended to anyone interested in the most challenging topic of global climate change." (Environmental Geology, Vol. 49, 2006)

"The climate in historical times represents outcomes of a KIHZ meeting concerned with natural climate variability. … this volume offers an accessible overview of current knowledge concerning the reconstruction of past climate. It will interest researchers and students over a broad range of disciplines including atmospheric science, environmental sciences, geography and geosciences." (Nicholas Betts, The Holocene, Vol. 15 (6), 2005)