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Polarized Light in Animal Vision

Polarization Patterns in Nature

  • Gábor Horváth
  • Dezső Varjú
Book

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXIII
  2. Imaging Polarimetry

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 3-12
  3. Polarization Patterns in Nature

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 13-13
    2. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 15-17
    3. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 18-22
    4. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 23-31
    5. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 36-40
    6. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 41-46
    7. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 51-52
    8. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 95-99
    9. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 100-103
  4. Polarized Light in Animal Vision

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 105-105
    2. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 107-130
    3. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 131-177
    4. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 178-198
    5. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 199-205
    6. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 215-228
    7. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 243-246
    8. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 247-266
    9. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 267-275
    10. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 276-292
    11. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 293-316
    12. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 317-323
    13. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 324-327
    14. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 328-354
    15. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 355-361
    16. Gábor Horváth, Dezső Varjú
      Pages 362-380
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 385-447

About this book

Introduction

While the human eye can practically cope only with two aspects of light, brightness and colour, for many animals polarization is a further source of visual information.

This fascinating phenomenon of polarization sensitivity is comprehensively treated by Horvath and Varju. Starting with a short introduction into imaging polarimetry - an efficient technique for measuring light polarization - various polarization patterns occurring in nature are presented. Among them are the polarizational characteristics of water surfaces, mirages and the underwater light field as well as the celestial polarization patterns affected by the illumination conditions of sunrise, sunset, clear or cloudy skies, moonshine and total solar eclipses.

The major part of the book is dedicated to the question: How can animals perceive and use the natural and artificial polarization patterns? Following a detailed compendium of the physiological basis of polarization sensitivity, several case studies of animal behaviour determined or influenced by polarization are presented. It is shown how arial, terrestrial and aquatic animals use the celestial and underwater polarization for orientation, e. g. how polarized light serves honeybees or ants as a compass. Further, it is explained how man-made objects affecting the natural optical environment may disorientate animals. For instance, as in the case where oil or glass surfaces, asphalt roads, or plastic sheets used in agriculture can be more attractive for water-seeking polarotactic insects than the water surface, and where mayflies lay their eggs on dry asphalt roads or cars.

Keywords

animals orientation imaging imaging polarimetry optical environment perception physiology polarization vision visual information

Authors and affiliations

  • Gábor Horváth
    • 1
  • Dezső Varjú
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biological PhysicsEötvös UniversityBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Lehrstuhl Kognitive NeurowissenschaftenUniversität TübingenTübingenGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-09387-0
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-07334-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-662-09387-0
  • Buy this book on publisher's site