Vertical Reference Systems

IAG Symposium Cartagena, Colombia, February 20–23, 2001

  • Hermann Drewes
  • Alan H. Dodson
  • Luiz Paulo Souto Fortes
  • Laura Sánchez
  • Pedro Sandoval
Conference proceedings

Part of the International Association of Geodesy Symposia book series (IAG SYMPOSIA, volume 124)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-X
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
  3. Vertical Control Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 5-5
    2. W. Seemüller, K. Kaniuth, H. Drewes
      Pages 7-10
    3. E. A. Lauría, F. M. Galbán, C. Brunini, G. Font, R. Rodríguez, C. Pacino
      Pages 11-15
    4. C. Brunini, J. Moirano, H. Drewes, K. Kaniuth
      Pages 16-19
    5. R. T. Luz, V. M. Guimarães, A. C. Rodrigues, J. D. Correia
      Pages 20-22
    6. R. Maturana, R. Barriga
      Pages 23-26
    7. L. Sánchez, W. Martínez
      Pages 27-33
    8. F. J. Rodríguez Aguado
      Pages 44-49
    9. U. Marti, A. Schlatter
      Pages 50-55
    10. K. Kaniuth, P. Häfele, L. Sánchez
      Pages 56-59
    11. F. Vespe, P. Rutigliano, C. Ferraro, A. Nardi
      Pages 66-71
    12. R. Perdomo, D. Del Cogliano, N. Di Croche, K. Neuman
      Pages 75-77
  4. Height Determination Techniques

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 79-79
    2. M. Rothacher
      Pages 81-90
    3. D. Angermann, K. Kaniuth, H. Müller, V. Tesmer
      Pages 91-96
    4. F. Kleijer, F. Kenselaar, A. J. T. de Bruijne, R. E. Molendijk
      Pages 119-124
    5. M. Lilje, P. A. Olsson, P. O. Eriksson, R. Svensson
      Pages 125-130
    6. I. L. Ateya, S. Takemoto
      Pages 131-136
    7. J. M. Becker, M. Lilje, P. A. Olsson, P.-O. Eriksson
      Pages 137-141
  5. Height Reference Surfaces

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 143-143
    2. M. C. Pacino, G. Font, C. Tocho, D. Blitzkow
      Pages 145-147
    3. D. Blitzkow, A. C. Cancoro de Matos, M. C. B. Lobianco
      Pages 148-151
    4. W. Martínez, L. Sánchez
      Pages 152-156
    5. C. F. Mora, Y. A Jiménez
      Pages 157-162
    6. W. H. Subiza Piña, H. Rovera Di Landro, L. Turban
      Pages 169-175
    7. F. D. Barbato, R. Perez, J. Faure, B. Sozo, D. Sena, M. Aljas
      Pages 176-181
    8. M. Hoyer, E. Wildermann, G. Acuña, J. Hernández, A. Nahmens, J. Velandia
      Pages 182-186
    9. M. Hoyer, E. Wildermann, G. Acuña, M. López, C. Gil C, M. Forgione et al.
      Pages 187-191
    10. D. Del Cogliano, J. L. Hormaechea, R. Perdomo, F. Galban, E. Lauría, G. Ramos
      Pages 192-193
    11. G. Font, C. Tocho
      Pages 194-196
    12. R. M. Bingley, A. H. Dodson, N. T. Penna, T. F. Baker
      Pages 197-202
    13. A. R. Tierra, S. R. C. de Freitas
      Pages 215-218
    14. W. Douglas, P. L. S. Black
      Pages 219-222
  6. Sea Level and Height Systems

About these proceedings


The Symposium on Vertical Reference Systems (VeReS) was initiated on the occasion of the XXII General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG), Birmingham 1999, by Professor Dr. Wolfgang Torge, Past President of the International Association of Geodesy (lAG) and representative of lAG to the Pan-American Institute of Geography and History (PAIGH). The idea was to organise another joint symposium of lAG and PAIGH like the previous one held during the XX IUGG General Assembly at Vienna, Austria, in 1991. Good reasons for such a joint symposium were the great success and the ongoing activities of the Project on the South American Geocentric Reference System (Sistema de Referencia Geocentrico para America del Sur, SIRGAS) being sponsored by lAG and PAIGH since 1993. The SIR GAS Project (Working Group I) had presented a continental South American reference frame of 58 stations during the lAG Scientific Assembly at Rio de Janeiro, in 1997. This reference frame was already adopted by several South American countries as the basis for their new national horizontal geodetic datums (SIRGAS Working Group II). To overcome the problems of the heterogeneous vertical (height) datums between the individual countries, SIRGAS had installed its Working Group III "Vertical Datum" in 1997. As the discussion on the unification of vertical reference systems is also going on in lAG and other bodies of science and practice, it was decided to dedicate the symposium to this topic.


GPS Geoinformationssysteme geoid height systems sea level

Editors and affiliations

  • Hermann Drewes
    • 1
  • Alan H. Dodson
    • 2
  • Luiz Paulo Souto Fortes
    • 3
  • Laura Sánchez
    • 4
  • Pedro Sandoval
    • 4
  1. 1.Deutsches Geodätisches ForschungsinstitutMünchenGermany
  2. 2.Inst. Eng. Surv. Space GeodesyUniversity of NottinghamUniversity Park, NottinghamUK
  3. 3.Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e EstatísticaRio de JaneiroBrazil
  4. 4.Instituto Geográfico Agustín CodazziBogotáColombia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-07701-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-662-04683-8
  • Series Print ISSN 0939-9585
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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