A Systems Analysis of the Baltic Sea

  • Fredrik V. Wulff
  • Lars A. Rahm
  • Per Larsson

Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 148)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIX
  2. F. Wulff, L. Rahm, P. Larsson
    Pages 1-17
  3. A. Stigebrandt
    Pages 19-74
  4. S. Bergström, H. Alexandersson, B. Carlsson, W. Josefsson, K.-G. Karlsson, G. Westring
    Pages 75-112
  5. A. Grimvall, P. Stålnacke
    Pages 113-131
  6. C. Agrell, P. Larsson, L. Okla, G. Bremle, N. Johansson, M. Klavins et al.
    Pages 149-175
  7. Å. Hagström, F. Azam, J. Kuparinen, U.-L. Zweifel
    Pages 177-210
  8. S. Blomqvist, A.-S. Heiskanen
    Pages 211-227
  9. J. Axelman, C. Näf, C. Bandh, R. Ishaq, H. Pettersen, Y. Zebühr et al.
    Pages 257-287
  10. F. Wulff, L. Rahm, A.-K. Hallin, J. Sandberg
    Pages 353-372
  11. F. Wania, D. Broman, J. Axelman, C. Näf, C. Agrell
    Pages 417-447
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 449-457

About this book


During recent decades, large-scale effects of pollution on marine estuaries and even entire enclosed coastal seas have become apparent. One of the first regions where this was observed is the Baltic Sea, whereby the appearance of anoxic deep basins, extensive algal blooms and elimination of top predators like eagles and seals indicated effects of both increased nutrient inputs and toxic substances.
This book describes the physical, biochemical and ecological processes that govern inputs, distribution and ecological effects of nutrients and toxic substances in the Baltic Sea. Extensive reviews are supplemented by budgets and dynamic simulation models.
This book is highly interdisciplinary and uses a systems approach for analyzing and describing a marine ecosystem. It gives an overview of the Baltic Sea, but is useful for any marine scientist studying large marine ecosystems.


Ammonium Biogeochemie Coast Fauna Ocean Oceanography Phosphor Sediment Sedimentation biogeochemical cycles distribution ecosystem hydrology marine plankton

Editors and affiliations

  • Fredrik V. Wulff
    • 1
  • Lars A. Rahm
    • 2
  • Per Larsson
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Systems EcologyUniversity of StockholmStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Department of Water and Environmental StudiesLinköping UniversityLinköpingSweden
  3. 3.Ecotoxicology, Department of EcologyLund UniversityLundSweden

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-08727-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-662-04453-7
  • Series Print ISSN 0070-8356
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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