Advertisement

Population — Development — Environment

Understanding their Interactions in Mauritius

  • Wolfgang Lutz

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Introduction

    1. Wolfgang Lutz
      Pages 1-8
  3. What Do We Want To Understand?

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. Nathan Keyfitz
      Pages 11-32
  4. Understanding Through History

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 73-73
    2. Wolfgang Lutz, Anne Babette Wils
      Pages 75-97
    3. Toolseeram Ramjeawon
      Pages 121-138
    4. Jairaj Ramkissoon
      Pages 139-155
    5. Esther Hanoomanjee
      Pages 157-173
    6. M. Sen Ramsamy
      Pages 175-190
    7. Jaishree Beedasy, Revin Panray Beeharry
      Pages 191-205
  5. Understanding Through Modeling

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 207-207
    2. Wolfgang Lutz
      Pages 209-220
    3. Wolfgang Lutz, Christopher Prinz
      Pages 221-231
    4. Anne Babette Wils
      Pages 233-248
    5. Einar Holm
      Pages 249-263
    6. Ferenc L. Toth
      Pages 265-292
    7. Christopher Prinz, Anne Babette Wils
      Pages 293-331
    8. Christopher Prinz
      Pages 333-357
  6. Our Present Understanding: What Have We Learned?

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 359-359
    2. Wolfgang Lutz
      Pages 361-385
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 391-401

About these proceedings

Introduction

Because the number of options is often limited, small island states tend to find it uncommonly difficult to strike a balance between population, envi­ ronment, and development. Relatively high population density and small land areas, without much in the way of natural resources, do not provide the best of circumstances for improving the living conditions of the popu­ lation, especially a fast-growing one. The result is often stunted economic development and environmental stress both on land and offshore. The developments in the island state of Mauritius over the past 30 years, however, can serve as an inspiration and illustration of how extremely ad­ verse conditions can be overcome. In the early 1960s Mauritius was trying to cope with rapid population growth, extreme poverty, and grim economic 2 prospects. Population density was 324 inhabitants per km , total fertility was 5.7, and GNP per capita was less than $200. In 1990 the situation in Mauritius was radically different. Although 2 population density had increased to 527 inhabitants per km , total fertility had dropped to 2.0, and GNP per capita had increased to $2,310. Economic stagnation had been replaced by steady growth and full employment, and environmental problems were being addressed as issues of high priority.

Keywords

Bevölkerung Demographie Umwelt Water Resources agriculture demography economic development economic growth environment fertility growth population simulation tourism

Editors and affiliations

  • Wolfgang Lutz
    • 1
  1. 1.International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)LaxenburgAustria

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03061-5
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-662-03063-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-662-03061-5
  • Buy this book on publisher's site