Searching for a path out of distance fares

A review of historical passenger railway pricing and an agent-based simulation study on possible fare amendments

  • Norman Kellermann

Part of the Edition KWV book series (EKWV)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxii
  2. Norman Kellermann
    Pages 1-3
  3. Norman Kellermann
    Pages 5-36
  4. Norman Kellermann
    Pages 37-41
  5. Norman Kellermann
    Pages 43-88
  6. Norman Kellermann
    Pages 89-162
  7. Norman Kellermann
    Pages 163-168
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 169-261

About this book


This work reconstructs the history of fare policy in the European passenger railway industry and integrates behavioural pricing theory into an agent-based simulation model for railway revenue management. 

The model is employed to conduct artificial experiments on fare innovations. It represents supply and demand on a transport market including car traffic and is calibrated with empirical data of an incumbent European railway. The model uses a combination of marketing concepts, dynamics in time and social interaction of consumers to analyse revenue effects of different pricing options.

This book provides insights for readers interested in the commercial aspects of transportation history. Furthermore, it is directed at researchers interested in pricing theory and the simulation method. It is also a rich source of information for practitioners in the revenue management branches of transport enterprises.


fare policy Europe passenger railway industry history agent-based simulation model behavioural pricing theory

Authors and affiliations

  • Norman Kellermann
    • 1
  1. 1.ÖBB-Personenverkehr AGWienAustria

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature 2014
  • Publisher Name Springer Gabler, Wiesbaden
  • eBook Packages Business and Economics
  • Print ISBN 978-3-658-23111-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-658-23112-5
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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