Constructivist Niche Diplomacy

Qatar’s Middle East Diplomacy as an Illustration of Small State Norm Crafting

  • Nicolas Fromm

Part of the Politik und Gesellschaft des Nahen Ostens book series (PGNO)

About this book


​Nicolas Fromm explores norm-based strategies small states can use to distinguish themselves internationally in order to compensate for their lesser geopolitical weight. Using the example of Qatar, the author shows that such strategies might include a sort of norm entrepreneurship which goes beyond the advocacy of universal norms and implies the development of genuinely new norms (‘norm crafting’) in pursuit of regional political influence. To shed light on the stunning rise of Qatar from a background actor to a protagonist in international diplomacy, the case study analyses the distinctive use of norm crafting in the country’s Middle East diplomacy under the reign of Emir Hamad (1995-2013). To unfold the potential of strategic normative innovation, Qatar seems to have imitated the attitudes and attributes of established norm entrepreneurs such as international organizations. 

  • National interest and international norms: A joint theoretical framework
  • Foreign policymaking under Emir Hamad 
  • Qatar’s constructivist niche diplomacy 

Target Groups 
  • Researchers and students in the field of international politics with an interest in International Relations Theory or Middle Eastern Studies.
  • Analysts and Diplomats interested in the Gulf region and Qatari foreign policy in particular.

The Author 
Dr. Nicolas Fromm is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Institute of International Politics at Helmut Schmidt University in Hamburg. 


International Relations Theory Small and Medium-sized States Norm Entrepreneurship International Norms Middle East Arab Gulf States Qatar Niche Diplomacy Emir Hamad Advocacy of universal norms

Authors and affiliations

  • Nicolas Fromm
    • 1
  1. 1.Fakultät für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften Institut für Internationale PolitikHelmut Schmidt Universität HamburgHamburgGermany

Bibliographic information