Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-VIII
  2. Points of departure

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Klaus Rifbjerg
      Pages 3-5
  3. Metaphor transferred

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 29-29
  4. Physics & metaphysics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 59-59
    2. Rom Harré
      Pages 61-76
    3. Agnes Heller
      Pages 77-84
  5. On the battlefield

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 85-85
    2. Chris Donnelly
      Pages 87-119
  6. Incentives for progress

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 121-121
    2. Ottar Brox
      Pages 123-134
    3. Georg Sørensen
      Pages 159-177
  7. Rationality in the marketplace

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 179-179
    2. Keith Griffin
      Pages 181-195
  8. Elation & frustration

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 233-233
    2. Sigrid Combüchen
      Pages 235-247
    3. Jon Elster
      Pages 248-257
  9. Structuring the human space

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 259-259
    2. Joanne Finkelstein
      Pages 261-270
    3. Kaj Nyman
      Pages 271-279
    4. Áke E. Andersson
      Pages 280-290
    5. John Heskett
      Pages 291-308
  10. Into the future

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 309-309
    2. Hubert L. Dreyfus, Stuart E. Dreyfus
      Pages 311-326
  11. Parting shot

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 327-327
    2. Michel Tournier
      Pages 329-330
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 331-336

About this book


Friction is what keeps us from realizing our goals. It is what compromises all our plans, sometimes making them unrecognizable. It defies our wish for perfection and constantly surprises us with new elements of resistance. It constitutes the divide between dream and reality. But friction is also that which gets us moving, a necessary incentive to achieve progress. Nothing can start if it cannot push off something else. By blocking or delaying the easy solution friction makes for a richer, more varied world. If it stops schemes from being completely fulfilled, it also stops them from going totally awry. To the modernist project with its one-sided rationalist pretensions, friction is unambiguously bad. And so it is being disposed of at an increasing speed. This means less and less time to pause and rethink, while the vulnerability of societies is aggravated. In "The Necessity of Friction" twenty scholars tackle this topical and important concept. A number of scientific fields are engaged: physics, philosophy, economics, architecture, organizational theory, artificial intelligence, and others. Together these contributions form the first modern-day attempt at analyzing the intriguing yet elusive subject of friction.


Friction Import Reibung fields philosophy physics

Editors and affiliations

  • Nordal Åkerman
    • 1
  1. 1.LundSweden

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