African Ungulates

A Comparative Review of Their Ethology and Behavioral Ecology

  • Walter Leuthold

Part of the Zoophysiology and Ecology book series (ZOOPHYSIOLOGY, volume 8)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIII
  2. Introduction

    1. Walter Leuthold
      Pages 1-2
  3. General Background

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 3-3
    2. Walter Leuthold
      Pages 5-8
    3. Walter Leuthold
      Pages 9-11
    4. Walter Leuthold
      Pages 12-15
    5. Walter Leuthold
      Pages 16-18
  4. Comparative Review of Nonsocial Behavior

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 19-19
    2. Walter Leuthold
      Pages 21-39
    3. Walter Leuthold
      Pages 40-70
    4. Walter Leuthold
      Pages 71-83
  5. Social Behavior

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 85-85
    2. Walter Leuthold
      Pages 87-101
    3. Walter Leuthold
      Pages 102-103
    4. Walter Leuthold
      Pages 104-106
    5. Walter Leuthold
      Pages 107-108
    6. Walter Leuthold
      Pages 109-138
    7. Walter Leuthold
      Pages 139-157
    8. Walter Leuthold
      Pages 158-183
  6. Social Organization

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 185-185
    2. Walter Leuthold
      Pages 187-194
  7. Behavior and Ecological Adaptation

  8. Back Matter
    Pages 279-310

About this book


This book has been written mostly within sight of wild African ungulates, at the research center in Tsavo East National Park, V oi, Kenya. While this had many positive aspects, there were also a few drawbacks. The main one of these is the fact that Voi is not exactly at the hub of scientific activity, even if we restrict ourselves to African ungulates. Thus, whereas I had felt initially that I was sufficiently familiar with ethological work on these animals to write a useful review, it soon became woefully evident that this assumption was erroneous. Over the last few years studies on African ungulates have pro­ liferated and results are being published in journals almost all over the world. My location in East Africa was sometimes less than ideal with respect to access to the most recent literature, and I depended to a considerable extent on the goodwill of colleagues in giving or lending me relevant papers. I am happy to report that I received a great deal of support and cooperation in this respect. Nevertheless, I may have over­ looked some important papers inadvertently; their authors should not feel slighted by such omissions, which only reflect availability of literature to me. Readers may also notice a considerable geographical bias in favor of East Africa, at the expense of other African regions, particularly South Africa.


Afrika /Biologie Huftiere Verhaltensforschung adaptation animals biology ecology environment fauna paper temperature vegetation wind

Authors and affiliations

  • Walter Leuthold
    • 1
  1. 1.ZurichSwitzerland

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1977
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-81075-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-81073-2
  • Series Print ISSN 0720-1842
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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