Fennoscandian Tundra Ecosystems

Part 1 Plants and Microorganisms

  • F. E. Wielgolaski

Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 16)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XV
  2. Site Description

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. M. Sonesson, F. E. Wielgolaski, P. Kallio
      Pages 3-28
  3. Abiotic Variables

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 29-29
    2. S. Hinneri, M. Sonesson, A. K. Veum
      Pages 31-40
    3. A. Skartveit, B. E. Rydén, L. Kärenlampi
      Pages 41-53
  4. Primary Producers

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 55-55
    2. F. E. Wielgolaski, P. Kallio
      Pages 57-61
    3. Plant Structure

    4. Biomass and Production

    5. Plant Processes

  5. Decomposers

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 225-225
    2. T. Rosswall
      Pages 227-229
    3. A. J. Hayes, P. Rheinberg
      Pages 244-250
    4. M. Clarholm, V. Lid-Torsvik, J. H. Baker
      Pages 251-260
    5. B. Berg, L. Kärenlampi, A. K. Veum
      Pages 261-267
    6. T. Rosswall, A. K. Veum, L. Kärenlampi
      Pages 268-278
    7. B. H. Svensson, A. K. Veum, S. Kjelvik
      Pages 279-286
  6. Nutrient Cycling

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 287-287
    2. P. Kallio, F. E. Wielgolaski
      Pages 289-291
    3. S. Kallio, P. Kallio
      Pages 292-304
    4. F. E. Wielgolaski, S. Kjelvik, P. Kallio
      Pages 316-332
    5. P. Kallio, A. K. Veum
      Pages 333-338
    6. O. Skre, A. Berg, F. E. Wielgolaski
      Pages 339-350
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 360-367

About this book


The term Fennoscandia is used to denote Finland and the Scandinavian peninsula, which comprises Norway and Sweden and sometimes also neigh­ bouring districts of the USSR. The western part of the Scandinavian peninsula is mountainous with peaks mostly within the range 1000-2000 m above sea level. Permafrost is not usually found in the southern districts of these alpine zones, but occurs in the northeastern part of Fennoscandia in mire, even at a low elevation. If tundra is defined as areas of permafrost, only very limited regions of Fennoscandia could be included. However, in the present volumes, we have used the word tundra in a broader sense as approximating areas with mean annual air 0 temperature below 0 C at meteorological standard height (1.5-2 m); it is often used in this sense in North America. This usage allows all alpine zones to be included, along with the subalpine birch zone and certain open subarctic woodland ("forest tundra" in Russian usage).


Mikroorganismus Permafrost Pflanzen Tundra ecosystems microorganism plant temperature

Editors and affiliations

  • F. E. Wielgolaski
    • 1
  1. 1.Botanical LaboratoryUniversity of OsloBlindern, Oslo 3Norway

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1975
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-80939-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-80937-8
  • Series Print ISSN 0070-8356
  • Buy this book on publisher's site