Economic Aspects of German Unification

Expectations, Transition Dynamics and International Perspectives

  • Paul J. J. Welfens

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XV
  2. Introduction: Economic Aspects of German Unification

  3. Structural and Macroeconomic Changes

  4. National Challenges

  5. International Perspectives

  6. Back Matter
    Pages 514-527

About this book


Paul J. J. Welfens The editor is pleased to present a second edition of Economic Aspects of German Unification which includes new chapters and several postscripts. Almost five years after unification output in the ex-GDR is back to its 1989 level. Due to a massive intra-German resource transfer consumption per capita in eastern Germany has not fallen as much as output and employment which reduced by one-fifth within three years. Given high West German transfers which represented about 5% of West German GDP and more than 50% of East German GDP the fall of industrial output could have been much stronger than had politically been feasible. Hence structural change necessary for productivity growth was dramatic in the ex-GDR where the goods producing sector (manufacturing, mining, energy and construction) strongly changed its proportions; within four years construction almost doubled, and the share of investment goods production reduced by 10 percentage points between 1990 and 1994 and is· now down to 21. 1 %. Mining lost two-thirds of its share in the producing sector which itself was reduced relative to GDP. The share of the services industry increased by 5 percentage points between 1991 and 1994, but with a share of 27. 7% in East Germany's GDP it was still about 9 percentage points lower than in western Germany. By contrast, government accounted for 20. 9% of GDP in eastern Germany, but for only 13. 2% in western Germany.


Deutschland European Integration European Union (EU) Germany Polis Systemtransformation Wiedervereinigung german reunification organizational change reform social security systemic transformation transformation

Editors and affiliations

  • Paul J. J. Welfens
    • 1
  1. 1.Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät Lehrstuhl Wirtschaftspolitik/Internationale WirtschaftsbeziehungenUniversity of PotsdamPotsdamGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-79974-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-79972-3
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Finance, Business & Banking