Carbonatite Volcanism

Oldoinyo Lengai and the Petrogenesis of Natrocarbonatites

  • Keith Bell
  • Jörg Keller

Part of the IAVCEI Proceedings in Volcanology book series (VOLCANOLOGY, volume 4)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XI
  2. Keith Bell, Jörg Keller
    Pages 1-3
  3. J. B. Dawson, J. Keller, C. Nyamweru
    Pages 4-22
  4. D. M. Pyle, H. Pinkerton, G. E. Norton, J. B. Dawson
    Pages 37-46
  5. J. B. Dawson, H. Pinkerton, G. E. Norton, D. M. Pyle, P. Browning, D. Jackson et al.
    Pages 47-69
  6. T. D. Peterson, B. A. Kjarsgaard
    Pages 148-162
  7. R. J. Sweeney, T. J. Falloon, D. H. Green
    Pages 191-207
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 209-210

About this book


During the last few years, carbonatites have received a considerable amount of attention. Some of this interest was no doubt kindled by the importance of volatiles in the Earth's mantle, particularly CO , by the fact that carbonatites 2 can be used to monitor the chemical evolution of the sub-continental upper mantle, and by the fact that carbonatites may be effective metasomatizing agents at both mantle and crustal levels. The interest in Oldoinyo Lengai has extended over at least 100 years, but it was not until the eruptions of 1960, when the unique carbonatitic nature of its lavas was recognized, that the volcano took on special significance in volcanology and igneous petrology. The recognition of carbonatitic flows coin­ cided with the first successful laboratory experiments carried out on carbonatitic melts. Since then, Oldoinyo Lengai has formed a cornerstone in all carbonatite discussions. It is probably true to say that the findings from Oldoinyo Lengai have dominated our ideas about carbonatites, in spite of the fact that the alkali­ rich, natrocarbonatitic lavas of Oldoinyo Lengai are markedly different from other carbonatites.


chemistry geochemistry mineral mineralogy petrology volcanism volcano

Editors and affiliations

  • Keith Bell
    • 1
  • Jörg Keller
    • 2
  1. 1.Ottawa-Carleton Geoscience Centre, Dept. of Earth SciencesCarleton UniversityOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Institut für Mineralogie, Petrologie und GeochemieUniversität FreiburgFreiburgGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-79184-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-79182-6
  • Series Print ISSN 0939-9658
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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