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Neuroscience: From Neural Networks to Artificial Intelligence

Proceedings of a U.S.-Mexico Seminar held in the city of Xalapa in the state of Veracruz on December 9–11, 1991

  • Pablo Rudomin
  • Michael A. Arbib
  • Francisco Cervantes-Pérez
  • Ranulfo Romo

Part of the Research Notes in Neural Computing book series (NEURALCOMPUTING, volume 4)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-X
  2. Scales of Analysis

  3. Processing of sensory information

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 99-102
    2. L. M. Mendell, H. R. Koerber
      Pages 103-115
    3. Pablo Rudomin
      Pages 116-135
    4. Ranulfo Romo, Salvador Ruiz, Patricia Crespo
      Pages 154-170
  4. Visual Processing

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 206-208
    2. Meemong Lee, Charles H. Anderson, Richard J. Weidner
      Pages 267-281
    3. Irving Biederman, John E. Hummel, Eric E. Cooper, Peter C. Gerhardstein
      Pages 282-293
  5. Learning and Knowledge Representation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 294-297
    2. Augusto Fernández-Guardiola, Rafael Gutiérrez, Adrián Martínez, Rodrigo Fernández-Mas
      Pages 312-325
    3. Pablo Noriega
      Pages 340-358
    4. Ofelia Cervantes
      Pages 359-370
  6. Neuronal Systems for Motor Integration

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 385-387
    2. Gonzalo Viana Di Prisco, Peter Wallén, Sten Grillner
      Pages 388-397
    3. Apostolos P. Georgopoulos
      Pages 398-412
    4. Francisco Cervantes-Pérez, Alberto Herrera-Becerra, Mayra García-Ruíz
      Pages 426-449
  7. Robotics and Control

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 450-451
    2. Andrew G. Barto, Vijaykumar Gullapalli
      Pages 471-493
    3. Carme Torras Genís
      Pages 509-523
  8. A Concluding Perspective

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 532-532
    2. Nydia Lara, Francisco Cervantes-Pérez
      Pages 533-545
    3. Pablo Rudomin, Michael A. Arbib, Francisco Cervantes-Pérez, Ranulfo Romo
      Pages 546-579

About these proceedings

Introduction

The Central Nervous System can be considered as an aggregate of neurons specialized in both the transmission and transformation of information. Information can be used for many purposes, but probably the most important one is to generate a representation of the "external" world that allows the organism to react properly to changes in its external environment. These functions range from such basic ones as detection of changes that may lead to tissue damage and eventual destruction of the organism and the implementation of avoidance reactions, to more elaborate representations of the external world implying recognition of shapes, sounds and textures as the basis of planned action or even reflection. Some of these functions confer a clear survival advantage to the organism (prey or mate recognition, escape reactions, etc. ). Others can be considered as an essential part of cognitive processes that contribute, to varying degrees, to the development of individuality and self-consciousness. How can we hope to understand the complexity inherent in this range of functionalities? One of the distinguishing features of the last two decades has been the availability of computational power that has impacted many areas of science. In neurophysiology, computation is used for experiment control, data analysis and for the construction of models that simulate particular systems. Analysis of the behavior of neuronal networks has transcended the limits of neuroscience and is now a discipline in itself, with potential applications both in the neural sciences and in computing sciences.

Keywords

Adaptive control Artificial Intelligence Brain Theory Hirnforschung Künstliche Intelligenz Neural Networks Neuronale Netze Neurophysiologie Neurosciences

Editors and affiliations

  • Pablo Rudomin
    • 1
  • Michael A. Arbib
    • 2
  • Francisco Cervantes-Pérez
    • 3
  • Ranulfo Romo
    • 4
  1. 1.Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del I.P.N.MéxicoMéxico
  2. 2.Center for Neural EngineeringUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Centro de InstrumentosUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMéxico D.F.México
  4. 4.Instuto de Fisiología CelularUNAMMéxico D.F.México

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-78102-5
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-56501-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-78102-5
  • Series Print ISSN 0939-4818
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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