© 1993

Energy and Water Cycles in the Climate System

  • Ehrhard Raschke
  • Daniela Jacob
Conference proceedings

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 5)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-IX
  2. José Pinto Peixoto
    Pages 1-42
  3. Ernst Klinker
    Pages 43-67
  4. Ehrhard Raschke
    Pages 69-93
  5. Anthony D. Del Genio
    Pages 95-121
  6. Olivier Talagrand
    Pages 187-213
  7. Jürgen Willebrand
    Pages 215-233
  8. P. Delecluse
    Pages 235-262
  9. Lutz Hasse
    Pages 263-293
  10. J. P. van Ypersele
    Pages 295-322
  11. W. James Shuttleworth
    Pages 323-364
  12. J. N. M. Stricker, C. R. Kim, R. A. Feddes, J. C. van Dam, P. Droogers, G. H. de Rooij
    Pages 419-444
  13. Back Matter
    Pages 445-467

About these proceedings


Water is the most effective agent in the climate system to modulate energy transfer by radiative processes, through its exchanges of latent heat and within cascades of chemical processes. It is the source of all life on earth, and once convective clouds are formed, it enables large vertical transports of momentum, heat and various atmospheric constituents up to levels above the tropical tropopause. Water triggers very complex processes at the earth's continental surfaces and within the oceans. At last, water in its gaseous phase is the most important greenhouse-gas! Numerical modelling and measurements of the state of the present climate system needs a very thorough understanding of all these processes and their various interactions and forcings. This is a prerequisite for more substantial forecasts of future states in all scales of time, from days to centuries. Therefore, the management of the World Climate Research Programme established in 1988 the new programme GEWEX (Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment). GEWEX is specifically defined to determine the energy and water transports in the fast components of the climate system with the presently available modelling and measurement means and to provide new capabilities for the future. Research in GEWEX must further develop methods to determine the influence of climatic anomalies on available water resources.


Atmosphäre Cloud Computermodelle Klima Wasser Wolken atmosphere climate clouds computer models water

Editors and affiliations

  • Ehrhard Raschke
    • 1
  • Daniela Jacob
    • 1
  1. 1.GKSS Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbHGeesthachtGermany

Bibliographic information

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Oil, Gas & Geosciences