© 1989

Novel Phytoplankton Blooms

Causes and Impacts of Recurrent Brown Tides and Other Unusual Blooms

  • Elizabeth M. Cosper
  • V. M. Bricelj
  • E. J. Carpenter
Conference proceedings

Part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies book series (COASTAL, volume 35)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XII
  2. Characterization of the “Brown Tide” Microalga

  3. Occurence and Distribution of the “Brown Tide”

  4. Environmental Factors Influencing “Brown Tide” Blooms

    1. Richard L. Steele, Lorraine C. Wright, Gregory A. Tracey, Glen B. Thursby
      Pages 253-264
    2. David A. Caron, Ee Lin Lim, Holly Kunze, Elizabeth M. Cosper, Donald M. Anderson
      Pages 265-294
    3. Edward J. Beltrami
      Pages 307-315
    4. Elizabeth M. Cosper, William Dennison, Allen Milligan, Edward J. Carpenter, Cindy Lee, John Holzapfel et al.
      Pages 317-340
  5. Other Unusual Microalgal Blooms

    1. Lawrence B. Slobodkin
      Pages 341-348

About these proceedings


A massive phytoplankton bloom, locally termed "brown tide", suddenly appeared in Long Island marine bays in 1985, colored the water a dark brown, decimated eelgrass beds and caused catastrophic starvation and recruitment failure of commercially important bay scallop populations. These "brown tide" blooms, caused by a very small, previously undescribed chrysophyte alga, have directly affected the estuarine environments of three northeastern American states: Rhode Island, New York and New Jersey. other phytoplankton blooms such as "red tides" caused by dinoflagellates and "green tides" from chlorophytes as well as blue-green algae blooms have long been recognized and studied world wide, however, the unusual nature of these "brown tide" blooms caught the interest of many people. Scientists were particularly intrigued by the discovery of a previously unknown microalga which provided the opportunity to learn more about small microalgae, picoplankters, which are usually ignored due to the difficulty in identifying species. A symposium entitled, "Novel Phytoplankton Blooms: Causes and Impacts of Recurrent Brown Tides and Other Unusual Blooms", was convened on October 27 and 28 at the State University of New York at Stony Brook on Long Island, with 220 registrants and nearly 50 scientific papers presented by researchers from the united States as well as Europe. The conference documented unusual bloom occurrences of recent and past years on a worldwide basis as well as northeast regional recurrences of the previously unknown "brown tide" blooms.


biomonitoring ecology environment environmental management growth nutrition photosynthesis phytoplankton plankton ecotoxicology

Editors and affiliations

  • Elizabeth M. Cosper
    • 1
  • V. M. Bricelj
    • 1
  • E. J. Carpenter
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine Sciences Research CenterState University of New YorkStony BrookUSA

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Novel Phytoplankton Blooms
  • Book Subtitle Causes and Impacts of Recurrent Brown Tides and Other Unusual Blooms
  • Editors E.M. Cosper
    V.M. Bricelj
    E.J. Carpenter
  • Series Title Coastal and Estuarine Studies
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-540-51961-4
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-642-75282-7
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-642-75280-3
  • Series ISSN 0724-5890
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XII, 799
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Ecology
    Environmental Economics
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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