© 1990

Social Insects

An Evolutionary Approach to Castes and Reproduction

  • Wolf Engels

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-V
  2. Bernhard Rensch
    Pages 1-2
  3. Wolf Engels
    Pages 3-4
  4. Charles D. Michener
    Pages 77-121
  5. Charles D. Michener
    Pages 123-146
  6. Peter-Frank Röseler, Cor G. J. van Honk
    Pages 147-166
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 265-265

About this book


Evolution of Castes in Insects l BERNHARD RENSCH The evolution of organisms in the succession of generations has been primarilly achieved through the appearance of new hereditary variants with minor deviations along with the development of stable structures and functions. Harmful mutants were eradicated either immediately or in the subsequent generations through the process of natural selection while unharmful or advantageous ones usually survived. As this process continued, many new races and species developed which possessed structures and functions of a rational nature and which became increasingly independent from their environment. These evolutionary tendencies were also promoted through either geographical, ecological, physiological or genetical isolation of populations. In some phylogenetic lines, there occurred an increase in the number of cells due to additional cellular divisions in the morphogenesis of structures. This opened up the possibility for the development of the division of labour within cellular groups leading to more complicated and consequently more successful functions of tissues and organs. A further advancement in the adaptation of a species to its environment was made possible through specialization for certain functions of whole individuals or groups of individuals.


Bienen Insekten Sozialverhalten Sozioevolution Termiten development ethology evolution insects perception physiology regulation reproduction social behavior

Editors and affiliations

  • Wolf Engels
    • 1
  1. 1.Zoologisches Institut Lehrstuhl EntwicklungsphysiologieUniversität TübingenTübingen 1Germany

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Social Insects
  • Book Subtitle An Evolutionary Approach to Castes and Reproduction
  • Editors Wolf Engels
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-540-50812-0
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-642-74492-1
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-642-74490-7
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages V, 265
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Zoology
    Cell Biology
  • Buy this book on publisher's site