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Frontiers in European Radiology

  • Albert L. Baert
  • Erik Boijsen
  • Walter A. Fuchs
  • Friedrich H. W. Heuck
Conference proceedings

Part of the Frontiers in European Radiology book series (FER, volume 6)

About these proceedings

Introduction

Congenital hip dysplasia and dislocation are common diseases of newborns and small infants, with frequently severe consequences if orthopaedic therapy is not initiated at an early stage. Therefore many clinicians have been looking for a simple method for the investigation of the hip joint in the early neonatal period. Up to 1980 the diagnosis of hip dysplasia could usually not be made before the 3rd month of life, by means of pelvic roentgenography. Only incomplete or complete unilateral dislocations were diagnosed in the neonatal age group. In 1980, however, Graf, an Austrian orthopaedic surgeon, began using ultrasound investigation ofthe hip joint in newborns and small infants in order to make an early diagnosis and to avoid radiation exposure. The intention of the present study was to compare ultrasound of the hip joint with other established diagnostic procedures and to establish whether it is suitable as a screening procedure in newborns. 2 Incidence of Congenital Hip Dysplasia and Dislocation In 1972 Barlow reported that 90 % of hips which are unstable at birth develop to normal joints spontaneously without any therapy. Visser (1984) thus suggested determining the percentage of hip dislocations after the 2nd - 3rd month of life so that children with spontaneous stabilisation would be excluded.

Keywords

diagnosis hip imaging liver radiation radiology tomography ultrasound

Editors and affiliations

  • Albert L. Baert
    • 1
  • Erik Boijsen
    • 2
  • Walter A. Fuchs
    • 3
  • Friedrich H. W. Heuck
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyUniversitaire ZiekenhuizenLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyUniversity HospitalLundSweden
  3. 3.Institut für Diagnostische Radiologie der UniversitätInselspital BernBernSwitzerland
  4. 4.Stuttgart 1Germany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-74233-0
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-74235-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-74233-0
  • Series Print ISSN 0722-7035
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Radiology