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Carbosilanes

Syntheses and Reactions

  • Gerhard Fritz
  • Eberhard Matern

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XII
  2. Gerhard Fritz, Eberhard Matern
    Pages 1-4
  3. Gerhard Fritz, Eberhard Matern
    Pages 5-98
  4. Gerhard Fritz, Eberhard Matern
    Pages 99-217
  5. Gerhard Fritz, Eberhard Matern
    Pages 218-251
  6. Gerhard Fritz, Eberhard Matern
    Pages 253-258

About this book

Introduction

Carbosilanes are compounds in which the elements silicon and carbon alternate in the molecular skeleton [1]. Just as the alkanes are formally derived from the diamond lattice and the aromatics from the graphite lattice, the carbosilanes are structurally derived from silicon carbide. Because of the tetravalent nature of silicon and carbon we can expect stable linear, cyclic and polycyclic compounds to occur. However, carbosilanes do not exist in nature. This book is an attempt to give a summarized presentation. Carbosilanes are, of course, part" of organosilicon chemistry, but their behavior differentiates them distinctly from other organosilicon compounds. The differences result primarily from the alternating Si-C-Si arrangements in the molecular skeleton, and especially the various methylene bridges (CH , CHX, CX ; X = halogen) cause changes in z z Si-C bond polarization and hence influence the reaction possibilities. It is convenient to regard carbosilanes as similar to silicones except that the oxygen bridges of silicones are replaced by methylene units. However, this does not accurately account for all the chemical properties of these compounds. Carbosilanes are related more directly to silicon carbide, as shown occasionally by the reactive behavior of polycyclic car­ bosilanes. Therefore, in view of the present interest shown for thermally stable cera­ mics of unusual character, interesting possibilities arise for further development. Most cyclic carbosilanes can be classified in two groups: the carborundanes and the Si-scaphanes. Compounds belonging to the carborundane class maintain Si-C six-membered rings in the boat conformation.

Keywords

Silane carbon oxygen silicon skeleton synthesis

Authors and affiliations

  • Gerhard Fritz
    • 1
  • Eberhard Matern
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Inorganic ChemistryUniversity of KarlsruheKarlsruhe 1Federal Republic of Germany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70800-8
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-70802-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-70800-8
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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