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Air Pollution by Photochemical Oxidants

Formation, Transport, Control, and Effects on Plants

  • Robert Guderian
Conference proceedings

Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 52)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XI
  2. Formation, Transport, and Control of Photochemical Oxidants

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Robert Guderian
      Pages 3-3
    3. Robert Guderian
      Pages 11-67
    4. Robert Guderian
      Pages 68-96
    5. Robert Guderian
      Pages 97-104
    6. Robert Guderian
      Pages 105-106
    7. Robert Guderian
      Pages 107-108
    8. Robert Guderian
      Pages 109-110
    9. Back Matter
      Pages 111-125
  3. Effects of Photochemical Oxidants on Plants

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 127-127
    2. Robert Guderian
      Pages 129-131
    3. Robert Guderian
      Pages 132-169
    4. Robert Guderian
      Pages 205-245
    5. Robert Guderian
      Pages 246-275
    6. Robert Guderian
      Pages 276-296
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 297-333

About these proceedings

Introduction

Photochemical oxidants are secondary air pollutants formed under the influence of sunlight by complex photochemical reactions in air which contains nitrogen oxides and reactive hydrocarbons as precursors. The most adverse components formed by photochemical reactions in polluted air are ozone (0 ) 3 and peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN), among many other products such as aldehydes, ketones, organic and inorganic acids, nitrates, sulfates etc. An analysis and evaluation of the available knowledge has been used to characterize the relationships among emissions, ambient air concentrations, and effects, and to identify the important controlling influences on the formation and effects of photochemical oxidants. The biological activity of photochemical oxidants was first clearly manifested during the early 1940's, when vegetation injury was observed in the Los Angeles Basin in the United States. Since that time, as a consequence of the increasing emissions of photochemical oxidant precursors, the photochemical oxidants have become the most important air pollutants in North America. In other parts of the world, for example South and Central America, Asia, and Australia, photo­ chemical oxidants threaten vegetation, particularly the economic and ecological performance of plant life. According to my knowledge, the first observations of ozone and PAN injury to vegetation in Europe were made by Dr. Ellis F. Darley (Statewide Air Pollution Research Center, University of California, Riverside, California) during a study visit (1963/64) to the Federal Republic of Germany.

Keywords

Air Air pollution emissions pollution vegetation

Editors and affiliations

  • Robert Guderian
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Angewandte BotanikUniversität EssenEssen 1Germany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70118-4
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-70120-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-70118-4
  • Series Print ISSN 0070-8356
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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