© 1979

Assisted Circulation

  • Felix Unger

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXIII
  2. Historical Background

    1. C. Dennis
      Pages 1-2
  3. Introduction

    1. F. Unger
      Pages 3-6
  4. Medical Research and the Doctor’s Conscience

  5. Questions and Predictions

    1. W. J. Kolff
      Pages 11-12
  6. Counterpulsation

  7. Left Ventricular Assist Devices

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 85-85
    2. F. Unger
      Pages 87-95
    3. Bypass Ventricles

      1. J. C. Norman, J. M. Fuqua, R. Trono, C. W. Hibbs, C. H. Edmonds, S. R. Igo et al.
        Pages 107-126

About this book


J. Navratil The performance of operations on the heart and its replacement by a trans­ planted or artificial heart has been an age old dream of man. Rehn for example in an early attempt, in 1868 performed a closure of a heart wound after a thoracic puncture. At that time noone thought that this attempt was the beginning of cardiac surgery. The dream was partially realized when the replacement of the heart function by the heart-lungmachine became possible. Immediately following the first operations, cardiac surgeons and cardiologists saw with great enthusiasm that this machine could be an important tool for correcting congenital and non­ congenital heart diseases. However, the heart-lungmachine was soon seen to not be an optimal instrument for controlling cardiac failure after cardiopulmonary bypass or myocardial infarction. then arose for the development of mechanical assistance to the heart. Concepts The rollerpump was first designed for assisted circulation and could be applied clinically in 1962. A new concept of mechanical assistance to the heart was pro­ vided by the intra aortic balloon pump and later by the bypass ventricles. Use of the intra aortic balloon pump can reduce cardiac work by counterpulsation in accord with the natural ECG. The bypass ventricle can functionally replace the heart in series or parallel to the natural heart. The intra aortic balloon pump, now an established method, has reduced the number of patients who used to die from cardiac failure.


Surgery bypass cardiac surgery diseases heart

Editors and affiliations

  • Felix Unger
    • 1
  1. 1.Surgical ClinicUniversity of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Assisted Circulation
  • Editors Felix Unger
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1979
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-540-09308-4
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-642-67270-5
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-642-67268-2
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XXIII, 653
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Surgery
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Health & Hospitals
Surgery & Anesthesiology