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Tidal Friction and the Earth’s Rotation

  • Peter Brosche
  • Jürgen Sündermann

About this book

Introduction

P.Brosche The development of the ideas and observational techniques related to the subject of our meeting "Tidal friction and the Earth's rotation", Bielefeld, September 1977 is one of the most fascinating books - not merely chapters! - of the modern history of science. Its genealogical tree is as intricate as that of mankind itself: There are dead ends and superfluous re-discoveries. Due to these circumstances and to the pure extent of the topic, it is impossible to give more than a few highlights here. The first relevant observational fact was discovered by the famous English astronomer E. Halley in 1695 (Berry, 1961). He simply could not arrive at an agreement between ancient and recent eclipses using a constant mean angular motion of the Moon. Instead, he had to intro­ duce an empirical acceleration term in the mean motion. Known as the "secular acceleration", it has ever since been a most challenging sub­ ject of celestial mechanics and a main branch of the genealogical tree already mentioned. In 1754, completely independently and almost certainly in ignorance of those specialists' activities, the German philosopher Kant established the idea of tidal friction as a decelerating mechanism for the rotation of the Earth (Felber, 1974). Although he made some errors in his rough computations, the majority of the constitutive elements of his concept have survived to the present day (Brosche, 1977).

Keywords

Cambrian Deformation Paleozoic Permian Proterozoic Rotation Tide data analysis development formation growth history ocean satellite sediment

Editors and affiliations

  • Peter Brosche
    • 1
  • Jürgen Sündermann
    • 2
  1. 1.Observatorium Hoher ListUniversitätssternwarte BonnDaun/EifelGermany
  2. 2.Institut für MeereskundeUniversität HamburgHamburg 13Germany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-67097-8
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1978
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-09046-5
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-67097-8
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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