© 1979

Formalization of Natural Languages


Part of the Communication and Cybernetics book series (COMMUNICATION, volume 15)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-X
  2. Peter Kümmel
    Pages 1-11
  3. Peter Kümmel
    Pages 40-94
  4. Peter Kümmel
    Pages 106-136
  5. Peter Kümmel
    Pages 145-172
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 208-226

About this book


The attempt to simulate dialogues in Natural Language by a machine requires extensive analyses of Natural Language's expression and content phenomena. Carefully deducted natural laws must be extracted. A division of all existing Natural Languages into carrier systems of a) agglutinated and b) isolated mor­ phological structures appears to be of principal significance. Thus morphology can be clearly separated from syntax. While morphology concerns structural phenomena, syntax refers to functional customs and rules of language expressions. Expression morphologies of usual language systems like English, French, German or, Russian exhibit tightly agglutinated characteristics. A smaller portion of Natural Language carrier systems provides morphologies of considerably less degrees of agglutination. Among them are ideographic-, pictographic-and, gesture systems as well as air-controller and children languages within a certain phase of development. Sometimes fully self-explanatory or content-related expression units within carrier systems of isolated morphologies guarantee significant insights into phenomena of Natural Language's content. Therefore evaluations on Natural Language expression structures can never be limited exclusively to auditive and phonographic morphologies. They also incorporate transport means of ideo- and pictogenetic characteristics, in order to evaluate morphology and syntax distinctively. The process of formalizing Natural Languages is highly interdisciplinary. It consists of 1) analyzing, 2) possible enumerating, 3) optimizing, and 4) synthesizing procedures. Irrelevant domains of formalization excesses are avoided by keeping strictly to definitions demarcating natural from artificial languages. Comparative evaluations of agglutinated as well as isolated morphologies are necessary.


Sprache development morphology phase structure transport units

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für InformatikUniversität StuttgartStuttgart 1Germany

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Formalization of Natural Languages
  • Authors P. Kümmel
  • Series Title Communication and Cybernetics
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1979
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-540-08271-2
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-642-66667-4
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-642-66665-0
  • Series ISSN 0340-0034
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages X, 226
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Acoustics
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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