Upper and Lower Urinary Tract

  • W. Lutzeyer
  • H. Melchior

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XII
  2. S. Boyarsky, S. Weinberg
    Pages 1-13
  3. H. Marberger, H. Madersbacher, H. P. Swoboda
    Pages 23-25
  4. J. Sökeland, P. May, K. Haubensak, K. Schulte
    Pages 26-29
  5. H. Melchior, K. K. Simhan
    Pages 30-34
  6. H. Melchior, W. Lutzeyer
    Pages 71-79
  7. C. C. Schulman, O. Duarte-Escalante, S. Boyarsky
    Pages 90-97
  8. K. Haubensak, P. May, E. Schindler
    Pages 107-111
  9. H. Melchior, A. Kettner
    Pages 112-117
  10. S. Lymberopoulos, H. Breining, B. Klinkhammer
    Pages 123-126
  11. T. D. Allen
    Pages 137-148
  12. P. Rathert, H. Melchior
    Pages 149-153
  13. W. Gregoir, G. Debled
    Pages 160-164
  14. S. Gil Vernet
    Pages 171-178
  15. J. Auvert, B. Court
    Pages 179-184
  16. P. F. Bischoff, H. Boehncke, A. Lassrich
    Pages 189-194
  17. J. G. Moormann, P. May
    Pages 195-198
  18. G. Rutishauser, P. Graber
    Pages 199-203
  19. E. A. Tanagho
    Pages 215-236
  20. B. Terhorst, H. Melchior, H.-P. Bastian, F. K. Lynen
    Pages 270-273
  21. N. R. Zinner, A. M. Sterling, R. C. Ritter, J. H. Harris, F. B. Gessner, J. M. Reid et al.
    Pages 274-291
  22. M. R. Bottaccini, D. M. Gleason, J. C. Byrne
    Pages 301-316
  23. C. Frimodt-Möller
    Pages 317-318
  24. D. M. Gleason, M. R. Bottaccini, J. C. Byrne, R. F. Gittes
    Pages 327-336
  25. Back Matter
    Pages 341-344

About this book


Once urology was established as a medical specialty, the initial anatomic-morpho­ logical point of view was soon supplemented by functional considerations and diagnostic procedures, thanks to the introduction of the cystoscope (NrTzE, 1877) and retrograde pyelography (VOELCKER, ]OSEPH and VON LrCHTENBERG, 1903). Intravenous urography (VOLKMANN, 1924; VON LrCHTENBERG, PFLAUMER and SWICK, 1929) lent roentgen examinations a more functional aspect. The word "urodynamics" refers to the functional approach to the urinary trac- from the renal pelvis and calyces, the ureter and bladder down to the bladder neck and urethra. The embryologically denned topographie regions of the urogenital tract are peripheral relays, while the actual site of action of both normal and patho­ logical urodynamics is to be found in the various hollow muscular organs. Despite extensive basic research and much knowledge acquired in this neld, the active transport system between site of production and storage, i. e. the renal pelvis and ureter, is still regarded in clinical practice mainly from the anatomic-morphological viewpoint. It is not easy to obtain adequate information for the clinical assessment of functional disturbances of the ureter. For instance, retrograde exploration methods may often be complicated by infection. Clinically applicable methods for functional assessment of the upper urinary tract are (RUTISHAUSER): direct observation of the ureteral orinces, intravenous and retro­ grade visualization by roentgen contrast medium, sequential pyelography, roentgen kymography, and cinematography. Such methods allow good functional exploration by an experienced investigator but they yield hardly any objectively reproducible records.


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Editors and affiliations

  • W. Lutzeyer
    • 1
  • H. Melchior
    • 1
  1. 1.Abteilung Urologie der Medizinischen Fakultät an der Rhein.-Westf. Techn. Hochschule AachenAachenGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1973
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-65642-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-65640-8
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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