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Physiology of Photoreceptor Organs

  • I. Abramov
  • P. O’Bryan
  • C. G. Bernhard
  • M. G. F. Fuortes
  • G. Gemne
  • P. Gouras
  • H. K. Hartline
  • A. Kropf
  • W. R. Levick
  • J. Z. Levinson
  • D. Mauzerall
  • F. Ratliff
  • G. Seitz
  • W. Sickel
  • W. K. Stell
  • T. Tomita
  • O. Trujillo-Cenoz
  • G. Westheimer
  • A. I. Cohen
  • M. G. F. Fuortes

Part of the Handbook of Sensory Physiology book series (SENSORY, volume 7 / 2)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-X
  2. Haldan K. Hartline
    Pages 1-3
  3. Adolph I. Cohen
    Pages 63-110
  4. David Mauzerall
    Pages 215-237
  5. M. G. F. Fuortes, Paul M. O’Bryan
    Pages 279-319
  6. M. G. F. Fuortes, Paul M. O’Bryan
    Pages 321-338
  7. John Z. Levinson
    Pages 339-356
  8. C. G. Bernhard, G. Gemne, G. Seitz
    Pages 357-379
  9. Haldan K. Hartline, Floyd Ratliff
    Pages 381-447
  10. Gerald Westheimer
    Pages 449-482
  11. Peter Gouras
    Pages 513-529
  12. W. R. Levick
    Pages 531-566
  13. Israel Abramov
    Pages 567-607
  14. Peter Gouras
    Pages 609-634
  15. Werner Sickel
    Pages 667-727
  16. Back Matter
    Pages 729-807

About this book

Introduction

This volume is a collection of essays which attempts to summarize the recent progress in the field of photoreceptor and retinal physiology. Reflecting the way in which research is organized, each author reports on the studies performed with the techniques with which he is most familiar: morpholo­ gical, chemical or physiological. The first chapters describe the structure of visual cells and the histological architecture of the retina. Next comes a summary of the laws governing photochemical reactions and a report on the biochemistry of photopigments. Four articles cover the optical properties of invertebrate eyes and the electrophysiology and the interactions of their photoreceptors. These are followed by a discussion of the properties of vertebrate eyes, including chapters on optics, on the electrical responses of rods and cones and on the functional organization of the retina. The final chapter provides an extensive review of retinal biochemistry and metabolism. Even though the experimental approach differs, all studies are directed toward the solution of two basic problems: transduction in the photoreceptors and orga­ nization (often called "information processing") in the retina. The central problem of photoreceptor cells is to determine how light produces a response. We know that illumination evokes electrical changes and we have recently learned a great deal about the features of these changes. The evidence indicates however that elaborate processes must be interposed between the ab­ sorption of photons by the pigment and the production of electric currents through the membrane. These intermediary cvents remain to be unraveled.

Keywords

Lichtsinn Netzhaut Organs biochemistry cells chemistry metabolism optics organizations physiology retina

Authors and affiliations

  • I. Abramov
    • 1
  • P. O’Bryan
    • 3
  • C. G. Bernhard
    • 2
  • M. G. F. Fuortes
    • 3
  • G. Gemne
    • 4
  • P. Gouras
    • 5
  • H. K. Hartline
    • 1
  • A. Kropf
    • 6
  • W. R. Levick
    • 7
  • J. Z. Levinson
    • 8
  • D. Mauzerall
    • 9
  • F. Ratliff
    • 1
  • G. Seitz
    • 10
  • W. Sickel
    • 11
  • W. K. Stell
    • 12
  • T. Tomita
    • 13
    • 14
  • O. Trujillo-Cenoz
    • 15
  • G. Westheimer
    • 16
  • A. I. Cohen
    • 17
  1. 1.The Rockefeller UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Fysiologiska Institutionen IIKarolinska InstitutetStockholmSweden
  3. 3.National Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA
  4. 4.Department of PhysiologyKarolinska InstitutetStockholm 60Sweden
  5. 5.Laboratory of Vision Research, National Eye InstituteNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA
  6. 6.Dept. of ChemistryAmherst CollegeAmherstUSA
  7. 7.Department of Physiology, John Curtin School of Medical ResearchAustralian National UniversityCanberra CityAustralia
  8. 8.Dept. of PsychologyUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  9. 9.Rockefeller UniversityNew YorkUSA
  10. 10.2. Zoologisches Institut der UniversitätErlangenGermany
  11. 11.Dept. of PhysiologyUniversity of CologneKöln 41Germany
  12. 12.Jules Stein Eye Institute, The Center for the Health SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  13. 13.Department of PhysiologyKeio University School of MedicineShinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, TokyoJapan
  14. 14.Department of Ophthalmology and Visual ScienceYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA
  15. 15.Departamento de Ultrastructura CellularInstituto de Investigation de Ciencias BiologicasMontevideoUruguay
  16. 16.Department of Physiology-AnatomyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  17. 17.Ophthalmology DepartmentWashington University Medical SchoolSt. LouisUSA

Editors and affiliations

  • M. G. F. Fuortes
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-65340-7
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1972
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-65342-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-65340-7
  • Series Print ISSN 0072-9906
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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