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The Anatomy of “Paleocortex”

A Critical Review

  • Robert M. Pigache
Conference proceedings

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages N2-5
  2. Robert M. Pigache
    Pages 7-8
  3. Robert M. Pigache
    Pages 8-14
  4. Robert M. Pigache
    Pages 14-54
  5. Robert M. Pigache
    Pages 54-54
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 55-65

About these proceedings

Introduction

The prime purpose of this paper is to look at the region of brain which many authors call 'paleocortex' and to ask how much of the area it embraces can be described properly as cortex. Before this can be considered it is necessary to have some idea of what constitutes a cortex. Therefore, in the first part of the paper the criteria used in constructing classifications of cortex are looked into. Also considered is the meaning of classifications such as 'paleocortex'. Is it relevant to define cortex in this way? How does this view correlate with a functional approach? The second purpose of this paper, of equal importance to the first, is to review terminology. Each area of' paleocortex' has a review introduction that endeavoors to cut through the existing jungle of terms and usage and to provide a clear account of the area in question, prior to examining its standing as cortex. The term 'paleocortex' is in common use and for this reason it is worth close examination. Kappers (1909) first created the term to supplement the earlier division of cortex-into archicortex and neocortex-introduced by Elliot Smith. Kappers applied the term to the mantle layer of the most primitive vertebrates (cyclostomes and selachians), the whole of which receives secondary olfactory fibres.

Keywords

Terminologie anatomy brain cortex vertebrates

Authors and affiliations

  • Robert M. Pigache
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Medical Research Council, Unit for Research on Neural Mechanisms of Behaviour, Dept. of PsychologyUniversity College LondonUK
  2. 2.Dept. of Clinical Pharmacology, Medical UnitUniversity College Hospital Medical SchoolLondon, W. C. 1England
  3. 3.Neuropsychology and Metabolism Research UnitFriern HospitalLondon, N. 12England

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-65004-8
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1970
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-05083-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-65004-8
  • Series Print ISSN 0301-5556
  • Series Online ISSN 2192-7065
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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