Forest Decline and Air Pollution

A Study of Spruce (Picea abies) on Acid Soils

  • Ernst-Detlef Schulze
  • Otto L. Lange
  • Ram Oren
Conference proceedings

Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 77)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XVIII
  2. Introduction: The Problem of Forest Decline and the Bavarian Forest Toxicology Research Group

  3. The Vegetation of the Fichtelgebirge: Origin, Site Conditions, and Present Status

  4. Potentials and Limitations of Field Studies on Forest Decline Associated with Anthropogenic Pollution

  5. Air Pollution: Transport and Deposition

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 37-40
    2. R. Eiden, J. Förster, K. Peters, F. Trautner, R. Herterich, G. Gietl
      Pages 57-103
  6. The Role of Fungi, Microorganisms, and Soil Animals

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 105-109
    2. W. Paulus, A. Bresinsky
      Pages 110-120
    3. P. Hartmann, M. Scheitler, R. Fischer
      Pages 137-150
  7. Direct Effects of Pollutants on Above-Ground Plant Parts

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 151-156
    2. A. Reischl, M. Reissinger, O. Hutzinger
      Pages 193-209
    3. O. Klemm, O. Klemm, U. Kuhn, E. Beck, C. Katz, R. Oren et al.
      Pages 210-237
    4. O. L. Lange, U. Heber, E.-D. Schulze, H. Ziegler
      Pages 238-273
  8. Soil Responses to Acid Rain and Associated Effects on Plants

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 275-281
    2. M. Kaupenjohann, W. Zech, R. Hantschel, R. Horn, B. U. Schneider
      Pages 282-296
    3. M. Kaupenjohann, L. Nätscher, U. Schwertmann, P. Süsser, U. Schwertmann, R. Horn et al.
      Pages 297-340
    4. E.-D. Schulze, R. Hantschel, K. S. Werk, R. Horn
      Pages 341-351
    5. B. U. Schneider, J. Meyer, E.-D. Schulze, W. Zech
      Pages 370-391
    6. E.-D. Schulze, R. Oren, O. L. Lange
      Pages 392-417
    7. M. Kaupenjohann, W. Zech, R. Hantschel, R. Horn, B. U. Schneider
      Pages 418-424
  9. Processes Leading to Forest Decline: A Synthesis

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 457-457
    2. E.-D. Schulze, R. Oren, O. L. Lange
      Pages 459-468
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 469-475

About these proceedings


During the last decade, forest decline has become increasingly apparent. The decline in forest health was often reported to be associated with air pollution. The present study on Norway spruce stands in the Fichtelgebirge analyses various processes interacting within forest ecosystems. It covers transport and deposition of air pollutants, the direct effects of pollutants on above-ground plant parts, the responses of soil to acid rain, and the changing nutrient availability, and the accompanying effects on plant metabolism and growth. The role of fungi, microorganisms and soil animals in the decline of these stands is also assessed. The volume is concluded with a synthesis evaluation of the influence of different factors, and their interactions on forest decline.


ecosystem forest metabolism microorganism transport

Editors and affiliations

  • Ernst-Detlef Schulze
    • 1
  • Otto L. Lange
    • 2
  • Ram Oren
    • 3
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für Pflanzenökologieder Universität BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  2. 2.Lehrstuhl für Botanik IIder Universität WürzburgWürzburgGermany
  3. 3.School of Forestry and Environmental StudiesDuke UniversityDurhamUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-64795-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-61332-6
  • Series Print ISSN 0070-8356
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors