Energy Efficiency in Household Appliances

Proceedings of the First International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Household Appliances, 10–12 November 1997, Florence, Italy

  • Paolo Bertoldi
  • Andrea Ricci
  • Boudewijn Huenges Wajer
Conference proceedings

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XI
  2. Opening Sesion

    1. Fabrizio Caccia Dominioni
      Pages 1-6
  3. First Session: The Issues

  4. Second Session: The Achievements — Standards

  5. Second Session: The Achievements — Consumer Information

  6. Second Session: The Achievements - Consumption Patterns

  7. Parallel Session A: White Goods/Airco/Water Heaters

  8. Parallel Session B: Consumer Electronics and Miscellaneous Loads

    1. Boudewijn Huenges Wajer, Hans-Paul Siderius
      Pages 309-317
    2. Rolf Schmitz
      Pages 326-331
    3. Hidetoshi Nakagami, Akio Tanaka, Chiharu Murakoshi, Barbara Litt
      Pages 353-363
  9. Parallel Session C: Domestic Lighting

    1. Terry K. McGowan, Rolf S. Bergman
      Pages 364-374
    2. Erik Page, Evan Mills, Michael Siminovitch
      Pages 375-385
    3. Gilberto De Martino Jannuzzi, Vanice Ferreira dos Santos, Mara F. L. Bittencourt, Paulo Augusto Leonelli
      Pages 412-418

About these proceedings


There is widespread interest throughout the world in improving appliance energy efficiency. Methods to reach that end include energy labeling, energy efficiency standards and market conditioning (e.g, energy efficient procurement and DSM programs). Energy efficiency standards, which started out as an action to reduce demand for energy in individual countries, has now become a subject of regional and even worldwide dimension, particularly in the context of global climate change mitigation. Mandatory energy efficiency standards are in place for some appliances in China, Canada, Mexico, the Philippines and the United States. Standards for refrigerator/freezers will take effect in Australia and the European Union in 1999. Voluntary energy efficiency standards are in place for refrigerators in Brazil, India and Korea and for air conditioners in India, Japan and Korea. Table I showed potential global energy use reductions from codes and standards in buildings. If individual country data can be assembled, a more accurate approach to estimating potential reductions in energy use and carbon emissions would be to perform a bottom-up analysis for energy using equipment on an end-use basis in as many large developing countries as possible. The impact of standards would be assessed as more efficient appliances replaced existing stock models and new purchases that increased saturation rates were made at higher efficiencies than would otherwise be the case. This approach would show the slow but steady buildup of annual energy savings from efficiency standards or other programs to improve energy efficiency.


electricity electronics energy consumption energy efficiency energy saving environment modeling science and technology

Editors and affiliations

  • Paolo Bertoldi
    • 1
  • Andrea Ricci
    • 2
  • Boudewijn Huenges Wajer
    • 3
  1. 1.Directorate General for EnergyEuropean CommissionBruxellesBelgium
  2. 2.ISISRomeItaly
  3. 3.NOVEMAA SittardThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-65114-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-60020-3
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Chemical Manufacturing
Consumer Packaged Goods
Energy, Utilities & Environment
Oil, Gas & Geosciences