Southern Hemisphere Paleo- and Neoclimates

Key Sites, Methods, Data and Models

  • Peter Smolka
  • Wolfgang Volkheimer

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIV
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. P. Smolka, W. Volkheimer
      Pages 1-3
  3. Methods

  4. Historical and Modern Climates

  5. Quaternary Climates

  6. Prequaternary Climates

  7. Modeling

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 369-369
    2. Gerald Peschel, Peter Smolka
      Pages 371-371

About this book


Climate change and the impact of climate change will affect societies all over the world. This includes temperature and precipitation changes as well as indirect changes such as shifted vegetation belts. Furthermore, CO2 changes may cause major environmental stress for bacteria and viruses potentially supporting the formation of new species, including pests and diseases.
Thus, as a result of the UNESCO Project IGCP-341, one can obtain:
Regional and large-scale reconstructions and usable data (time series and maps) of greenhouse climates.
Information to compile a set of worldwide uniform high-resolution biostratigraphic data.
Regional studies of altered rainforests in Amazonia and Africa.
Meteorological, historical and dendroclimatological (hemispherewide) studies on recent and ongoing climate changes showing the differential nature of precipitation and temperature change.
Software for river network simulation as well as time-series analysis and prediction (monsoonal rainfall) such as neural networks and chaos detection.
A PC version (Windows NT 4.0) of a large-scale atmospheric circulation model (T42 resolution, 18 vertical layers). This enables meteorological and geological institutions, also in low-budget regions, to run respective simulations, e.g. on a Pentium II/300. One modeled day takes only 35 min.
All data on the accompanying CD (including a large set of worldwide biostratigraphical reference data, paleotemperature data and back-rotated drillholes) can be accessed easily, independently of the software used.


Atmospheric circulation Climatology Precipitation UNESCO climate change climate variability environment environmental protection temperature vegetation wind

Editors and affiliations

  • Peter Smolka
    • 1
  • Wolfgang Volkheimer
    • 2
  1. 1.Geological InstitueUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany
  2. 2.Glaciología y Ciencias AmbientalesInstituto Argentino de NivolgíaMendozaArgentina

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-64089-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-59694-0
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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