Eco Targets, Goal Functions, and Orientors

  • Felix Müller
  • Maren Leupelt
Conference proceedings

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XVIII
  2. Introduction: Targets, Goals and Orientors

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Felix Müller, Maren Leupelt, Ernst-W. Reiche, Broder Breckling
      Pages 3-11
  3. The Theoretical Approach: Tendencies of Ecosystem Development

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 13-13
    2. João C. Marques, Miguel Ã. Pardal, Søren N. Nielsen, Sven E. Jørgensen
      Pages 87-101
    3. Sven E. Jørgensen, Søren N. Nielsen
      Pages 123-136
    4. Brian D. Fath, Bernard C. Patten
      Pages 161-176
    5. Werner L. Kutsch, Oliver Dilly, Wolf Steinborn, Felix Müller
      Pages 209-231
    6. Søren N. Nielsen, Sven E. Jørgensen, Joao C. Marques
      Pages 243-254
  4. The Philosophical Basis: Aspects from Evolution Theory and Philosophy of Science

  5. The Diversity of Targets: Problems of Combining Natural and Human Orientors

  6. The Practical Consequences: Eco Targets as Goal Functions in Environmental Management

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 461-461
    2. João C. Marques, Søren N. Nielsen, Sven E. Jørgensen
      Pages 481-491
  7. Conclusion: Targets, Goals and Orientors

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 591-591
    2. Felix Müller, Jan Barkmann, Broder Breckling, Maren Leupelt, Ernst-Walter Reiche, Reinhard Zölitz-Möller
      Pages 593-607

About these proceedings


This book introduces a new concept in ecosystem theory and discusses it in an interdisciplinary framework, originating in succession theory, network theory and thermodynamics. The central hypothesis claims that there are certain system attributes which are regularly optimized in the course of ecosystem development. Many of these orientators can also be interpretated as general attributes for self-organizing processes. As a result of the discussions, a new quality of a holistic environmental management is designed, capable of integrating the ideas of sustainability, ecological integrity, and ecosystem health.


Ecology biology ecosystem ecosystems environment environmental management thermodynamics

Editors and affiliations

  • Felix Müller
    • 1
  • Maren Leupelt
    • 1
  1. 1.Ökologie-ZentrumUniversität KielKielGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-63720-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-58769-6
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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