Inside Versus Outside

Endo- and Exo-Concepts of Observation and Knowledge in Physics, Philosophy and Cognitive Science

  • Harald Atmanspacher
  • Gerhard J. Dalenoort
Conference proceedings

Part of the Springer Series in Synergetics book series (SSSYN, volume 63)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XII
  2. Introduction

    1. Harald Atmanspacher, Gerhard J. Dalenoort
      Pages 1-12
  3. General Aspects

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 13-13
    2. Harald Atmanspacher
      Pages 15-32
    3. Michael Stöltzner
      Pages 33-62
    4. Georg Franck
      Pages 63-83
    5. G. J. Dalenoort, P. H. de Vries
      Pages 111-120
    6. Dieter Gernert
      Pages 121-133
    7. Christian Thomas
      Pages 135-149
  4. The Perspective of Theoretical Physics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 151-151
    2. Otto E. Rössler
      Pages 153-161
    3. Hans Primas
      Pages 163-193
    4. Jörg D. Becker
      Pages 207-217
    5. Jürgen Kurths, Annette Witt, Harald Atmanspacher, Fred Feudel, Herbert Scheingraber, Renate Wackerbauer
      Pages 219-234
    6. James P. Crutchfield
      Pages 235-272
  5. The Perspective of Cognitive Science

  6. Back Matter
    Pages 407-418

About these proceedings


In our daily lives we conceive of our surroundings as an objectively given reality. The world is perceived through our senses, and ~hese provide us, so we believe, with a faithful image of the world. But occ~ipnally we are forced to realize that our senses deceive us, e. g. , by illusions. For a while it was believed that the sensation of color is directly r~lated to the frequency of light waves, until E. Land (the inventor of the polaroid camera) showed in detailed experiments that our perception of, say, a colored spot depends on the colors of its surrounding. On the other hand, we may experience hallucinations or dreams as real. Quite evidently, the relationship between the "world" and our "brain" is intricate. Another strange problem is the way in which we perceive time or the "Now". Psychophysical experiments tell us that the psychological "Now" is an extended period of time in the sense of physics. The situation was made still more puzzling when, in the nineteen-twenties, Heisenberg and others realized that, by observing processes in the microscopic world of electrons and other elementary particles, we strongly interfere with that world. The outcome of experiments - at least in general - can only be predicted statistically. What is the nature ofthis strange relationship between "object" and "observer"? This is another crucial problem of the inside-outside or endo-exo dichotomy.


biological dynamical systems evolution information mechanics perception quantum mechanics system

Editors and affiliations

  • Harald Atmanspacher
    • 1
  • Gerhard J. Dalenoort
    • 2
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische PhysikGarchingGermany
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-48649-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-48647-0
  • Series Print ISSN 0172-7389
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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