© 2013

Enabling Things to Talk

Designing IoT solutions with the IoT Architectural Reference Model

  • Alessandro Bassi
  • Martin Bauer
  • Martin Fiedler
  • Thorsten Kramp
  • Rob van Kranenburg
  • Sebastian Lange
  • Stefan Meissner
  • First comprehensive overview of the European Architecture Reference Model (ARM) for the Internet of Things

  • Includes both a reference manual and numerous best practices and tips for implementing the ARM

  • Illustrates ARM implementations on the basis of several industrial case studies

  • Written in cooperation by leading software and solution providers (Alcatel-Lucent, IBM , Ericsson, NEC, NXP, SAP, Siemens) and top-level research institutions

Open Access

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Thorsten Kramp, Rob van Kranenburg, Sebastian Lange
    Pages 1-10 Open Access
  3. General Concepts of the Architecture Reference Model (ARM)

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 11-11
    2. Martin Bauer, Joachim W. Walewski
      Pages 17-25 Open Access
    3. Martin Fiedler, Stefan Meissner
      Pages 27-36 Open Access
  4. A Guidance to the Architecture Reference Model (ARM)

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 37-37
    2. Stefan Meissner, Joachim W. Walewski
      Pages 39-44 Open Access
    3. Mathieu Boussard, Stefan Meissner, Andreas Nettsträter, Alexis Olivereau, Alexander Salinas Segura, Matthias Thoma et al.
      Pages 45-111 Open Access
    4. Martin Bauer, Nicola Bui, Jourik De Loof, Carsten Magerkurth, Andreas Nettsträter, Julinda Stefa et al.
      Pages 113-162 Open Access
    5. Martin Bauer, Mathieu Boussard, Nicola Bui, Jourik De Loof, Carsten Magerkurth, Stefan Meissner et al.
      Pages 163-211 Open Access
    6. Martin Bauer, Nicola Bui, Christine Jardak, Andreas Nettsträter
      Pages 213-236 Open Access
    7. Martin Bauer, Mathieu Boussard, Stefan Meissner
      Pages 237-247 Open Access
    8. Christine Jardak, Joachim W. Walewski
      Pages 249-278 Open Access
    9. Edward Ho, Tobias Jacobs, Stefan Meissner, Sonja Meyer, Miguel-Angel Monjas, Alexander Salinas Segura
      Pages 279-322 Open Access
    10. Alessandro Bassi
      Pages 323-325 Open Access
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 327-349

About this book


The Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging network superstructure that will connect physical resources and actual users. It will support an ecosystem of smart applications and services bringing hyper-connectivity to our society by using augmented and rich interfaces.  Whereas in the beginning IoT referred to the advent of barcodes and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), which helped to automate inventory, tracking and basic identification, today IoT is characterized by a dynamic trend toward connecting smart sensors, objects, devices, data and applications. The next step will be “cognitive IoT,” facilitating object and data re-use across application domains and leveraging hyper-connectivity, interoperability solutions and semantically enriched information distribution.

The Architectural Reference Model (ARM), presented in this book by the members of the IoT-A project team driving this harmonization effort, makes it possible to connect vertically closed systems, architectures and application areas so as to create open interoperable systems and integrated environments and platforms. It constitutes a foundation from which software companies can capitalize on the benefits of developing consumer-oriented platforms including hardware, software and services.

The material is structured in two parts. Part A introduces the general concepts developed for and applied in the ARM. It is aimed at end users who want to use IoT technologies, managers interested in understanding the opportunities generated by these novel technologies, and system architects who are interested in an overview of the underlying basic models. It also includes several case studies to illustrate how the ARM has been used in real-life scenarios. Part B then addresses the topic at a more detailed technical level and is targeted at readers with a more scientific or technical background. It provides in-depth guidance on the ARM, including a detailed description of a process for generating concrete architectures, as well as reference manuals with guidelines on how to use the various models and perspectives presented to create a concrete architecture. Furthermore, best practices and tips on how system engineers can use the ARM to develop specific IoT architectures for dedicated IoT solutions are illustrated and exemplified in reverse mapping exercises of existing standards and platforms.


Business Information Systems Internet of Things IoT RFID Reference Architecture SCM Smart Homes Smart Objects Spatio-Temporal Systems Supply Chain Management Ubiquitous Computing Web Applications

Editors and affiliations

  • Alessandro Bassi
    • 1
  • Martin Bauer
    • 2
  • Martin Fiedler
    • 3
  • Thorsten Kramp
    • 4
  • Rob van Kranenburg
    • 5
  • Sebastian Lange
    • 6
  • Stefan Meissner
    • 7
  1. 1.Alessandro Bassi ConsultingNiceFrance
  2. 2.NEC Europe Ltd.HeidelbergGermany
  3. 3.Fraunhofer Institute for Material Flow and Logistics IMLDortmundGermany
  4. 4.IBM ResearchRüschlikonSwitzerland
  5. 5.Suite 3Internet of People Ltd.LondonUnited Kingdom
  6. 6.Deloitte&Touche GmbHBerlinGermany
  7. 7.University of Surrey Centre for Communication Systems ResearchGuildfordUnited Kingdom

About the editors

The IoT-Architecture project (IoT-A) is the European Commission’s flagship project in the European Union’s Seventh Framework Program for Research and Development with respect to establishing an architecture for the Internet of Things. Together, the editors and contributing authors represent more than 20 large industrial companies and research institutions, including Alcatel-Lucent, IBM , Ericsson, NEC, NXP, SAP, Siemens, and the Universities of Rome “La Sapienza,” St. Gallen, Surrey, and Würzburg, as well as CEA, CFRG, FhG, and VTT.

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Chemical Manufacturing
IT & Software
Consumer Packaged Goods
Finance, Business & Banking
Energy, Utilities & Environment


From the reviews:


"If your goal is to learn or employ IoT technologies, this book serves as a worthy starting point for that journey; you will certainly benefit from having it in your library for future reference." Nicholas Loulloudes, ACM Computing Reviews, June 2014