© 2012

The Politics of Military Reform

Experiences from Indonesia and Nigeria

  • Jürgen Rüland
  • Maria-Gabriela Manea
  • Hans Born

Part of the Global Power Shift book series (GLOBAL)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Jürgen Rüland, Maria-Gabriela Manea
      Pages 3-25
  3. Military Reform in Indonesia and Nigeria

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 27-27
    2. Leonard C. Sebastian, Iisgindarsah
      Pages 29-56
    3. Maria-Gabriela Manea, Jürgen Rüland
      Pages 57-76
  4. Legislatures and Non-State Actors in Military Reform

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 121-121
    2. Jürgen Rüland, Maria-Gabriela Manea
      Pages 123-145
  5. Rogue Forces and Military Reform

  6. Conclusion

About this book


This volume seeks to explain why democratization and military reforms stagnate in newly democratizing countries. The contributions blend historical, ideational, cultural and structural explanatory factors to analyze the trajectories of military reform in Indonesia and Nigeria, two major regional powers that share many structural commonalities. In the tradition of the literature on security sector reform (SSR), the book not only scrutinizes executive initiatives toward military reform, but also provides ample coverage of societal actors. Findings show that while military reform is stagnating in both countries, societal forces ought to be taken into account more as major driving forces in explaining military reform. Several chapters study how legislatures, non-governmental organizations and the civilian defence epistemic community contribute to the transformation of military institutions. The last part of the book tackles another aspect rarely studied in the literature on military reform, namely, the role of militias in military reform.


Civil-Military Relations Democratization Indonesia Military Reform Nigeria

Editors and affiliations

  • Jürgen Rüland
    • 1
  • Maria-Gabriela Manea
    • 2
  • Hans Born
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  3. 3.Armed Forces (DCAF)Centre for the Democratic Control ofGenevaSwitzerland

About the editors

Jürgen Rüland is Professor at the Department of Political Science, University of Freiburg, Germany, and Chairman of the university's Southeast Asian Studies Program. He has published extensively on Southeast Asian politics and security issues in journals such as the European Journal of International Relations, Journal of European Public Policy, The Pacific Review, Pacific Affairs, Asian Survey, International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, Contemporary Southeast Asia, European Journal of East Asian Studies, Asia Europe Journal and Security Dialogue. He is co-author of Parliaments and Political Change in Asia (2005), and co-editor of Asian Security Reassessed. Contemporary Policies and New Challenges (2006).

Maria Gabriela Manea is a Lecturer at the Department of Political Science, University Freiburg, Germany. Her publications appeared in The Pacific Review and Cooperation and Conflict.

Hans Born is a Senior Fellow at the Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), Geneva, Switzerland, where he heads the DCAF's research working groups on Parliamentary Accountability of the Security Sector and Legal Aspects of Security Sector Governance. He co-authored Security Sector Reform in Transitional Societies (2002), Parliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector: Principles, Mechanisms and Practices (2003) and The "Double Democratic Deficit": Parliamentary Accountability and the Use of Force under International Auspices (2004).

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Finance, Business & Banking