© 2013

Acidic Pit Lakes

The Legacy of Coal and Metal Surface Mines

  • Walter Geller
  • Martin Schultze
  • Robert Kleinmann
  • Christian Wolkersdorfer

Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Also part of the Environmental Science book sub series (ENVSCIENCE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Walter Geller, Martin Schultze
    Pages 1-10
  3. Martin Schultze
    Pages 11-22
  4. Martin Schultze
    Pages 23-224
  5. Walter Geller
    Pages 265-435
  6. Walter Geller, Martin Schultze
    Pages 437-449
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 451-525

About this book


This monograph provides an international perspective on pit lakes in post-mining landscapes, including the problem of geogenic acidification. Much has been learned during the last decade through research and practical experience on how to mitigate or remediate the environmental problems of acidic pit lakes. In the first part of the book, general scientific issues are presented in 21 contributions from the fields of geo-environmental science, water chemistry, lake physics, lake modeling, and on the peculiar biological features that occur in the extreme habitats of acidic pit lakes. Another chapter provides an overview of methods currently used to remediate acidic pit lakes and treat outflowing acidic water. The second part of the book is a collection of regional surveys of pit lake problems from three European countries and Australia, and case studies of various individual representative lakes. A final case study provides an innovative approach to assessing the economic value of new pit lakes and balancing the costs and benefits, a valuable tool for decision makers.


Environment Hydrogeochemistry Hydrogeology Mining Pit lakes

Editors and affiliations

  • Walter Geller
    • 1
  • Martin Schultze
    • 2
  • Robert Kleinmann
    • 3
  • Christian Wolkersdorfer
    • 4
  1. 1.Environmental Research - UFZHelmholtz Centre forMagdeburgGermany
  2. 2.Environmental Research - UFZ, Lake ResearchHelmholtz Centre forMagdeburgGermany
  3. 3.PittsburghUSA
  4. 4., Mine Water Remediation & ManagementCape Breton UniversitySydneyCanada

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Acidic Pit Lakes
  • Book Subtitle The Legacy of Coal and Metal Surface Mines
  • Editors Walter Geller
    Martin Schultze
    Bob Kleinmann
    Christian Wolkersdorfer
  • Series Title Environmental Science and Engineering
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science Earth and Environmental Science (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-642-29383-2
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-642-42850-0
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-642-29384-9
  • Series ISSN 1863-5520
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XVIII, 526
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Environmental Science and Engineering
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Oil, Gas & Geosciences


“The book is well illustrated and extremely carefully cross-referenced. The list of references is impressive … . this book is highly recommended for anyone interested in water chemistry, lake physics, and ecology of pit lakes and is also very useful for practitioners and decision makers.” (Thomas Weisse, Limnologica, Vol. 48, July, 2014)

“This new book provides a comprehensive overview of the origins, geochemistry, and limnology of pit lakes and possible remediation options. … I strongly recommend this book to all professionals involved in pit lake planning, mine closure, and ongoing pit lake management, to researchers working in acidic pit lakes, and to limnologists who wish to understand the impact of acidification on lake processes.” (C. Oldham, Mine Water and the Environment, Vol. 32 (3), September, 2013)

“The 6-chapter book provides a large amount of information on post mining landscapes, ranging from their geology through chemistry to biology. … I would unhesitatingly recommend this book to limnologists, biologists, water chemists and lake restorers--in fact to one and all, interested in these unique acidic environments.” (Ramesh D. Gulati, SILnews, Vol. 62, June, 2013)

“This book brings together a huge amount of information on acidic pit lakes, ranging from geological aspects, through chemistry to biology to management and longterm control. … The editors are to be congratulated on assembling such a useful book which covers a wide spread of topics ranging from fundamental research to solving practical and sometimes very challenging problems. The book deserves to be widely available for anyone concerned with this topic.” (Brian A. Whitton, Journal of Limnology, Vol. 72 (1), 2013)