Freezing of Lakes and the Evolution of their Ice Cover

  • Matti Leppäranta

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 1-10
  3. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 11-50
  4. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 51-90
  5. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 91-135
  6. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 137-177
  7. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 179-201
  8. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 203-244
  9. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 245-270
  10. Matti Leppäranta
    Pages 271-278
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 279-301

About this book


A large number of boreal lakes are ice-covered in winter. However, research and literature of these lakes concerns by far only the open water season. In particular, no textbook on physics of ice-covered lakes exists, and now it would be a proper time to prepare such.

Winter limnology has become an increasing active field of research recently. A series of winter limnology symposia was started in 2008 in Finland with nearly 100 participants. The second symposium was held in Berlin in 2010 and the third one is coming in 2012 in Norway. Winter limnologists need strongly a textbook on lake ice physics since the ice acts as their boundary condition.


Environment Research Frozen Lake Research Ice Cover Water Limnology Symposia

Authors and affiliations

  • Matti Leppäranta
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

Bibliographic information

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