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© 2012

Microbial Degradation of Xenobiotics

  • Shree Nath Singh

Benefits

  • Provides the state-of-the-art information on bioremediation of a wide range of xenobiotic compounds

  • Serves as a ready reckoner for scientists and environmentalists to solve the problems of persistent organic compounds (POPs) in the ecosystem

  • Presents the microbial degradation as an eco-friendly method of removing pollutants from the environment

Book

Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Also part of the Environmental Engineering book sub series

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Ernest Marco-Urrea, C. A. Reddy
    Pages 31-66
  3. Dirk Tischler, Stefan R. Kaschabek
    Pages 67-99
  4. Poonam Singh, Leela Iyengar, Anjali Pandey
    Pages 101-133
  5. Anat Bernstein, Zeev Ronen
    Pages 135-176
  6. Christian Kennes, María C. Veiga
    Pages 177-188
  7. Rita Singh, Antaryami Singh
    Pages 235-261
  8. Elisa Rojo-Nieto, José A. Perales-Vargas-Machuca
    Pages 263-290
  9. Tomáš Cajthaml, Kateřina Svobodová
    Pages 291-316
  10. Pijush Kanti Mondal, Brajesh Chauhan
    Pages 317-338
  11. A. Rajasekar, S. Maruthamuthu, Y. P. Ting, R. Balasubramanian, Pattanathu K. S. M. Rahman
    Pages 339-369
  12. Gary T. Howard
    Pages 371-394
  13. Shelly Sinha, Pritam Chattopadhyay, Sukanta K. Sen
    Pages 395-410
  14. S. N. Singh, B. Kumari, Shweta Mishra
    Pages 439-469
  15. Back Matter
    Pages 471-483

About this book

Introduction

Our interest in the microbial biodegradation of xenobiotics has increased many folds in recent years to find out sustainable ways for environmental cleanup. Bioremediation and biotransformation processes harness the naturally occurring ability of microbes to degrade, transform or accumulate a wide range of organic pollutants. Major methodological breakthroughs in recent years through detailed genomic, metagenomic, proteomic, bioinformatic and other high-throughput analyses of environmentally relevant microorganisms have provided us unprecedented insights into key biodegradative pathways and the ability of organisms to adapt to changing environmental conditions. The degradation of a wide spectrum of organic pollutants and wastes discharged into the environment by anthropogenic activities is an emerging need today to promote sustainable development of our society with low environmental impact. Microbial processes play a major role in the removal of recalcitrant compounds taking advantage of the astonishing catabolic versatility of microorganisms to degrade or transform such compounds. New breakthroughs in sequencing, genomics, proteomics, bioinformatics and imaging are generating vital information which opens a new era providing new insights of metabolic and regulatory networks, as well as clues to the evolution of degradation pathways and to the molecular adaptation strategies to changing environmental conditions. Functional genomic and metagenomic approaches are increasing our understanding of the relative importance of different pathways and regulatory networks to carbon flux in particular environments and for particular compounds. New approaches will certainly accelerate the development of bioremediation technologies and biotransformation processes in coming years for natural attenuation of contaminated environments

Keywords

Azo Dyes Bacteria Biodegradation Chloro-organic pollutants Explosives Fungi

Editors and affiliations

  • Shree Nath Singh
    • 1
  1. 1., Environmental Science DivisionNational Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia

Bibliographic information

Reviews

From the reviews:

“The book has the merit to compile the latest knowledge on microbial degradation covering a large range of pollutants that are not usually presented together. It is thus one of the rare books that provide a large image of the microbial metabolism potential for xenobiotic degradation. … the book is of great interest, useful, and would be core reading for researchers and students exploring the microbial degradation capacities.” (Robert Duran, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol. 39, 2012)