© 2012

Chips 2020

A Guide to the Future of Nanoelectronics

  • Bernd Hoefflinger

Part of the The Frontiers Collection book series (FRONTCOLL)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxviii
  2. Bernd Hoefflinger
    Pages 13-36
  3. Bernd Hoefflinger
    Pages 37-93
  4. Matthias Keller, Boris Murmann, Yiannos Manoli
    Pages 95-130
  5. Bernd Hoefflinger
    Pages 131-140
  6. Bernd Hoefflinger
    Pages 141-159
  7. Burn J. Lin
    Pages 175-188
  8. Barry Pangrle
    Pages 189-213
  9. Peter Hans Roth, Christian Jacobi, Kai Weber
    Pages 215-228
  10. Bernd Hoefflinger
    Pages 229-249
  11. Georg Kimmich
    Pages 251-272
  12. Bernd Hoefflinger
    Pages 315-330
  13. Lambert Spaanenburg, Suleyman Malki
    Pages 331-365
  14. Albrecht Rothermel
    Pages 367-382
  15. Bernd Hoefflinger
    Pages 383-391
  16. Yiannos Manoli, Thorsten Hehn, Daniel Hoffmann, Matthias Kuhl, Niklas Lotze, Dominic Maurath et al.
    Pages 393-420

About this book


The chips in present-day cell phones already contain billions of sub-100-nanometer transistors. By 2020, however, we will see systems-on-chips with trillions of 10-nanometer transistors. But this will be the end of the miniaturization, because yet smaller transistors, containing just a few control atoms, are subject to statistical fluctuations and thus no longer useful. We also need to worry about a potential energy crisis, because in less than five years from now, with current chip technology, the internet alone would consume the total global electrical power!

This book presents a new, sustainable roadmap towards ultra-low-energy (femto-Joule), high-performance electronics. The focus is on the energy-efficiency of the various chip functions: sensing, processing, and communication, in a top-down spirit involving new architectures such as silicon brains, ultra-low-voltage circuits, energy harvesting, and 3D silicon technologies. Recognized world leaders from industry and from the research community share their views of this nanoelectronics future. They discuss, among other things, ubiquitous communication based on mobile companions, health and care supported by autonomous implants and by personal carebots, safe and efficient mobility assisted by co-pilots equipped with intelligent micro-electromechanical systems, and internet-based education for a billion people from kindergarden to retirement. This book should help and interest all those who will have to make decisions associated with future electronics: students, graduates, educators, and researchers, as well as managers, investors, and policy makers.

Introduction: Towards Sustainable 2020 Nanoelectronics.- From Microelectronics to Nanoelectronics.- The Future of Eight Chip Technologies.- Analog–Digital Interfaces.- Interconnects and Transceivers.- Requirements and Markets for Nanoelectronics.- ITRS: The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors.- Nanolithography.- Power-Efficient Design Challenges.- Superprocessors and Supercomputers.- Towards Terabit Memories.- 3D Integration for Wireless Multimedia.- The Next-Generation Mobile User-Experience.- MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems) for Automotive and Consumer.- Vision Sensors and Cameras.- Digital Neural Networks for New Media.- Retinal Implants for Blind Patients.- Silicon Brains.- Energy Harvesting and Chip Autonomy.- The Energy Crisis.- The Extreme-Technology Industry.- Education and Research for the Age of Nanoelectronics.- 2020 World with Chips.


3D Integration Energy Harvesting Energy Roadmap MEMS Moore's Law Nanolithography Roadmap of Nanoelectronics Silicon Brains Systems-on-chip

Editors and affiliations

  • Bernd Hoefflinger
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for MicroelectronicsSindelfingenGermany

About the editors

About the Editor Prof. Hoefflinger has a lifelong career with semiconductor chips: After starting at Siemens Research, he was invited to join the faculty at Cornell University, where he set up and taught the first graduate course on integrated circuits (IC’s). He continued as the first product manager for MOS IC’s, Siemens, Munich. With that experience, he became a co-founder of the University of Dortmund, where he built the first public pilot line for IC’s in Europe, which realized the world’s first all-ion-implanted Bipolar-CMOS process. As Head of the Electrical Engineering Departments at the University of Minnesota and at Purdue University, he led the major expansions of their electronics programs. He was invited back to Germany to build and lead the Institute for Microelectronics Stuttgart. As a public enterprise for contract R&D, it became one of the first certified manufacturing lines in Europe for CMOS Application-Specific Circuits. It has become the world leader in the development and manufacture of test masks for every next-generation lithography since the 1990’s. Bernd Hoefflinger has been the recipient or co-recipient of numerous scientific and best-product awards. He is a member of the Dusseldorf Academy of Sciences

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Chemical Manufacturing


From the reviews:

“The book’s chapters provides an almost definitive list of hot topics and includes chapters on logic and computing, analog-digital interfaces, interconnects and transceivers … power efficient design and energy harvesting and chip autonomy. … It is suitable both for the student, researcher or recent graduate that wants to understand where the challenges lie in chips, and for experienced managers, investors and policy makers, who may have been looking at the trees for so long that they will now benefit from this look at the forest.” (Peter Clarke, EETimes, February, 2012)