© 2013

Social Policy in the Federal Republic of Germany

The Constitution of the Social


  • In-depth analysis of post-war social policies in Germany since 1945

  • Unique analysis of the German post-war welfare state from the point of view of constitutional law

  • Unique analysis of the international references of the German post-war welfare state

  • Unique analysis of the normative foundations of the German post-war welfare state

  • Unique analysis of the "social" as the driver of social policy


Part of the German Social Policy book series (GSP, volume 3)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Back Matter
    Pages 425-442

About this book


The book is part of the 5-volume series “German Social Policy”, a unique multidisciplinary approach to the history of German social policy written by the doyens of their respective disciplines. The volumes expound the contribution of the German tradition to the rise of social policy in the Western world in the 19th and 20th centuries. Germany pioneered modern social policy in the 19th century when Bismarck introduced social insurance. After the Second World War, Germany’s Social Market Economy became a model of social integration. The volumes cover the history of ideas (volume 1), the legal and political history before and after 1945 (volumes 2 and 3), the German Democratic Republic (1949-1990) and the impact of German reunification (1990) (volume 4). Volume 5 embeds the German case in a major comparative study of European welfare states, complemented by a study of the USA and the Soviet Union. The volumes also yield insights into general theoretical issues of social policy beyond the empirical case of Germany. Each volume has an introduction by the editor who summarizes the contribution made by the volumes and looks into the future of German social policy.

This book investigates the history of the post-war welfare state in Germany and its normative foundations, with special emphasis on constitutional issues. The author, formerly Director of the Max-Planck-Institute for Foreign and International Social Law, Munich, and President of the Max-Planck-Society, argues that social policy – not only in Germany – is about struggles over the “social”. The “social” is an open and changing concept that reflects the modern quest for equality, voiced in semantics like justice, participation, inclusion and security. The “social” and the “social state” (the German term for welfare state) are enshrined in the German Constitution of 1949, the Grundgesetz. The book sets out the phases of welfare state development in depth. Social policies are analysed in view of wider contexts, especially the nation state, the rule of law (Rechtsstaat), federalism and democracy. The author emphasizes the dialectics between the national character of the welfare state and its manifold international references.


Germany constitutional law history legal history social policy

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.und internationales SozialrechtMax-Planck-Institut für ausländischesMünchenGermany

About the authors

Hans F. Zacher is Director emeritus of the Max-Planck-Institute for Foreign and International Social Law, Munich. He is a former President of the Max-Planck-Society and has been awarded honorary doctorates and prizes. He is also Honorary President of the German Association for Social Law.

Lutz Leisering, the Editor, is Professor for Social Policy and Director at the Institute for World Society studies, University of Bielefeld. He took his Ph.D. at the London School of Economics. He has published widely on European and global social policy.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Social Policy in the Federal Republic of Germany
  • Book Subtitle The Constitution of the Social
  • Authors Hans F. Zacher
  • Series Title German Social Policy
  • Series Abbreviated Title German Social Policy
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Business and Economics Economics and Finance (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-642-22524-6
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-642-43165-4
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-642-22525-3
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XVIII, 442
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Additional Information Translated from the German. Originally published as: "Geschichte der Sozialpolitik in Deutschland seit 1945" by Nomos Publishers, 2001.
  • Topics Social Policy
    Political Science
    Constitutional Law
    History, general
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